urine - is secreted by the kidneys natural product of human activity, a type of excrement.This physiological liquid is a dilute solution of various substances, including salts, in which the loss is determined by changing the crystalline precipitate urine reaction (pH) in the acidic or alkaline side.That is why when the salt content in the sediment once found, then the analysis should not be considered indicative and indicates the presence of the patient or other pathological manifestations.However, if the salt precipitate is impressive and appears in the urine, with enviable regularity, it can show one of the first symptoms of gastrointestinal disease or renal dysfunction.In addition, excessive salt content in urine can contribute to the emergence and development of urolithiasis.
The most common salt crystals found in the urine of preschool children: this is due to the peculiarities of their power, weak kidneys ability to break down a large number of chemical elements, as well as fluctuations
most commonly found in urine sediment urate (generally falling in the urine with acidic), oxalate (and may appear in an alkaline and acidic medium) and phosphates (in most cases the precipitated under alkaline conditions).
1. Urata - a sediment of uric acid and its salts.The most common cause of urinary child of this type of salts are:
- eating rich purine bases foods (meat broth, meat, sardines, sprat, herring, offal, legumes), and strong tea, cocoa, smoked meats, chocolate andmushrooms;
- excessive exercise;
- great loss of fluid (eg, diarrhea, vomiting or excessive sweating);
- urate diathesis;
recommended to include in his daily diet If any significant amount of urinary urate child:
- water (up to 1-1.5 litrovv during the day);
- bezpurinovye foods (dairy food, eggs, fruits, cereals, vegetables, flour products);
- alkaline mineral water ( "Essentuki" "Borjomi");
- products containing magnesium, calcium, zinc, B vitamins and vitamin A.
2. Oxalate - it's salt, which is most often detected in the urine:
- by eating foods and foods rich in vitamin C andoxalic acid (parsley, spinach, sorrel, beet, celery, citrus, radish, currants, sour apples, ascorbic acid, rose, cocoa, chocolate, soups);
- congenital failure in the exchange of oxalic acid, which is manifested in the form of kidney stones or inflammatory kidney damage;
- in diabetes;
- in ulcerative colitis;
- in inflammatory lesions of the bowel;
- case of poisoning with ethylene glycol (such as antifreeze or brake fluid).
oxalate crystals often damage the mucous membrane, causing irritation of the urinary tract and microhematuria.That is why when it detects them as part of the analysis of urine sediment is recommended to include in the diet of the child:
- drinking plenty of fluids (at least a liter of water per day);
- dishes and foods, which include magnesium (squid, herring, wheat, seaweed, oats);
- B vitamins (in particular vitamin B6).
3. Phosphates - it is salt, which, in some cases, can be detected in urine sediment to a healthy baby.Typically, this occurs with decreasing acidity of urine caused by overeating.In general, the content of phosphate in the urine sediment rises:
- by eating foods and foods rich in phosphorus (eggs, fish, oatmeal, milk, milk and milk products, buckwheat, barley, alkaline mineral water);
- under alkaline urine;
- with gastric lavage;
- with Fanconi syndrome;
- at a fever;
- with hyperparathyroidism.
Upon detection of urinary phosphate child must be immediately removed from his diet of foods rich in vitamin D and calcium (fat milk and milk products, oily fish, liver, eggs and fish, eggs).
addition to the above, in the child's urine may contain the following types of salts:
- calcium sulfate (diabetes, while taking benzoic acid or salicylic acid, with frequent use of cranberries in food);
- hippuric acid salt (for liver diseases, diabetes, kidney stones, with putrid processes in the body, with excessive use of plant foods and antipyretic drugs);
- salt ammonium urate (when urate infarction).
prevent the appearance of salts in the urine of a child is quite simple.To do this, you must set him a diet that would allow to dramatically reduce the amount and frequency of consumption of foods that can trigger the occurrence and development of pathology.Of course, this does not mean that the child should stop eating meat, broth, liver, milk and other vital products.It should only pay close attention to their portions do not exceed the maximum permissible daily norm.For example, during the day a child can eat no bolee90 grammmyasa or bolee50 grammpecheni.In this case the liver can be eaten no more frequently than twice a week.
In those cases where the laboratory tests in the child's urine sediment certain salts have been identified, it is recommended to exclude completely from the children's menu provoking foods and begin to see to it that the baby every day to drink at least a liter of filtered carbonated water.Once the level of salt in the urine will return to normal, you need to completely reconsider their views on the child's diet and begin to teach it to a balanced, healthy diet.