The human nervous system is a very complex structure, encircling the entire body and allows it to adequately respond to external and internal stimuli.Violation of the nervous system that occurs as a result of injury or the presence of the disease, with serious consequences for the whole organism.Nowadays a huge number of allocated diseases of the nervous system.It is necessary to pay attention to the most common of them.

Content

  • 1 Alzheimer
  • 2 Sciatica
  • 3 Lumbago
  • 4 neuritis
  • 5 Neuralgia
  • 6 Disseminated Encephalomyelitis
  • 7 Migraine

Alzheimer

Alzheimer's disease - a chronic disease of the central nervous system, which is characterized by the gradual loss of mental abilities.Among the causes of the disease: the excessive destruction of nerve cells, heredity, the effects on the human body of heavy metals and toxins, the presence of the spine or brain tumors, iodine deficiency in the body, the brain injury.The disease usually develops slowly.His first

symptoms may include: forgetfulness, anxiety, depression, indifference to everything around him, the inability to recognize people.As the disease progresses the patient are observed obsessive thoughts, delusions, hallucinations occur.He completely ceases even to recognize loved ones, can not remember names, dates and events.Alzheimer's disease is incurable by means of modern medicine, develops in people who have reached 65 years and more, and is the leading cause of dementia.Some medications prescribed by psychiatrists and neurologists are able to slow down the fading mental powers.However, in most cases, they are virtually powerless.

Sciatica Sciatica - jamming and inflammation located in the lumbosacral spine of the sciatic nerve.The main symptom of the disease are pain of varying intensity.sciatica Manifestations affected primarily in the lower extremities.This can be: a constant pain in the legs, burning sensation and tingling Run Games in their lower part, numbness and restriction of leg motion.The most common sciatica occurs as a complication of osteoarthritis or intervertebral hernia.In order to eliminate the disease, its cause must be eliminated.The main treatment methods commonly used acupuncture, acupressure, hirudotherapy.Receiving painkillers with no positive effect.

Lumbago Lumbago

decided to name the disease, manifested by acute pain in the lumbar region.The reason for its occurrence may be due to overexertion spine lifting, hypothermia, being in an uncomfortable position.Lumbar pain usually lasts no more than ten minutes, then held independently.Sometimes it requires the use of pain medication in the form of tablets or ointments and gels for topical use.Elimination of pain also promotes massage, rest and sleep on a hard mattress, acupuncture, physiotherapy.

neuritis or neuropathy neuritis - inflammation of the peripheral nerves that occurs as a result of their defeat by toxic substances or trauma injuries.When inflammation of nerve talking about neuropathy, a disease polyneuropathy meant the defeat of several peripheral nerves.The main symptoms are: loss or reduction in sensitivity of the inflamed nerve, paralysis of certain parts of the body, movement disorders.Inflammation of a nerve in the first place impact on the work of the body or the part of the body, for which he is responsible.Multiple nerve inflammation usually develops in the background of diabetes, food poisoning, with alcohol abuse.A patient with symptoms such as reduced sensitivity of the upper and lower extremities, discoloration of the skin, weakness in muscles, excessive sweating.Treatment is prescribed after the principal cause of the disease was identified.It is based on anti-inflammatory, pain medications, sedatives, vitamins.In some cases, an antibiotic is prescribed.

Neuralgia Neuralgia - a disease associated with the occurrence of intense acute pain on a background of peripheral nerve injury.The main difference between this pathology from neuritis is that it is not associated with loss of the main nerve function, reduced sensitivity, etc.It is necessary to distinguish between the cranial neuralgia, femoral and intercostal nerves.The main reason for its development can be: stress, hypothermia, colds, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, the presence of a brain tumor, intoxication.Recognize the disease is possible by a sharp pain in the nerve lesion.For example, trigeminal neuralgia patients describe a very severe headache in their life.This pain is usually accompanied by involuntary tearing.If it affects the nerves located in the lower jaw, there are disruption of the masticatory muscles.In some cases, the patient is not able to open his mouth.Idiopathic Neuralgia to establish the cause of which is not possible, can occur chronically, sharpening when certain predisposing factors.

Intercostal neuralgia manifests persistent pain in the spinal column that can be aggravated by physical exertion, deep breathing, etc.The disease often develops on the background of pneumonia, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris.Therefore, when establishing such a diagnosis should undergo an additional examination of the chest.The basis of the treatment of this disease are anticonvulsant drugs, muscle relaxants.Many patients are shown: acupuncture, physiotherapy, treatment with infrared rays, massage.

Disseminated Encephalomyelitis

disseminated encephalomyelitis called inflammation of the brain and spinal cord that occurs due to the ingress of some types of viruses and bacteria.Gets into the brain cells of microorganisms gradually in the course of their activities lead to the destruction and replacement of prions - alien to the human body in proteins.The introduction of foreign cells in the human brain the immune system begins to produce specific antibodies.The result of disseminated encephalomyelitis can be a complete destruction of the nervous system of the body's own immune cells.The acute form of the disease usually begins suddenly.The patient observed: fever, dizziness, vomiting, pain, and trembling limbs, blurred vision, loss of coordination in space.His speech became slurred.

Treatment of disseminated encephalomyelitis neurologist performed in a health institution.The patient shows intramuscular injection of vitamins B1, B6, B12, C, it is also assigned to the hormonal drug prednisolone.Treatment lasts for ten days, the dose of the drug at the same time gradually decreases.Prognosis of the disease is unfavorable in terms of residual effects as paresis and paralysis of the limbs.

Migraine

very common among modern humans disease of the nervous system is a common migraine, which is understood as an intense headache, not passing over several days.Its origin is directly related to the activity of the nervous system.The main cause of the disease are often a strong emotional tension, stress, inadequate rest and sleep mode.It is also known that a migraine is inherited mainly through the mother.Among the symptoms of the disease: acute, throbbing pain in the temples, nausea, weakness of the body, polyuria, tremor.Strengthening contribute to migraine loud noises, bright lights, intense smell.Migraine is treated mainly at home.For the diagnosis and exclusion of some of the possible causes of migraines should consult a neurologist.Patients who suffer from frequent headaches of varying intensity, usually prescribed non-hormonal anti-inflammatory agents, serotonin agonists.The drug is usually taken at the beginning of a migraine attack, promoting the facilitation of the patient.