We are not the only ones in this world.Each species survives as he can, sometimes at the expense of others - is in biology indicate parasitism.Nature beings living at the expense of us, is very diverse.But, speaking about parasites often mean protozoa (eg giardia) and helminths (worms otherwise).In order to answer the question of how to find time roundworm and giardia in a child, it is necessary to understand the nature of these creatures.
- 1 Common signs of parasite
- 2 Giardia
- 3 Ascaris
- 4 Videos about who the roundworm and what theydangerous
- 5 Diagnosis and treatment
Common signs of parasite
parasitic diseases suffer at any age, but, unfortunately, children are the most vulnerable.They are often victims of adult worms and other forms of cohabitation is harder to carry, as the intensity of the reproduction of life and the same parasite, and the child's body features below.
Naturally symptoms depends mainly on the type, but there are similarit
Frequent symptoms are dryness and rashes on the skin, it can be as a consequence of the above allergies, as well as an independent symptom. fact that any parasite lives in the intestine or another organ, takes the best, the most "delicious" - glucose, vitamins, micronutrients.There is a shortage of substances, which has specific and nonspecific symptoms.
In an attempt to cope with the alien body activates all the possible ways of struggle, including the reaction temperature.It should be noted that this symptom occurs with no other possible reasons (no symptoms of colds).
almost always arise gastrointestinal disorders of different nature.The presence, movement and release of products in the intestine their livelihoods adversely affect the motility and the condition of the mucosa.
release toxins and waste products, persistent unpleasant symptoms to exhaustion of the nervous system that manifests a decrease of attention, drowsiness, combined with poor sleep, irritability.
Over time, all of these processes lead to a decrease in the body's resistance, as reserves are depleted fight.This leads to frequent infections and exacerbations of chronic problems.
Sometimes these parents simply refers to the group of worms, but this is a mistake.They have in common only that they both live at the expense of the owner, in the role which often acts as a person.
Infection occurs by the fecal-oral route.In the environment with faeces fall Giardia host.The most common cysts of this parasite comes with unwashed fruits and vegetables, dirty water, and it is not excluded from entering Giardia through contaminated hands and household items, toys.
Once in the small intestine, the parasite is attached to the walls and actively propagated.There is a direct and indirect damage to the mucosa, which leads to various types of disorders.In the large intestine lamblia cysts are moving into a phase and go into the environment with faeces.
- characteristic symptoms of giardiasis are:
- unstable chair: alternating constipation and diarrhea occur;
- soreness of varying intensity in the projection of the small intestine (the upper part of the abdomen and the navel);
- Nausea, flatulence;
- With abundant invasion (invasion) can be signs of biliary dyskinesia;
- All this combined with general weakness, headaches and dizziness, as well as increased allergies.
Ascaris Ascaris are members of the family of roundworms, which mainly live off of warm-blooded creatures, which include people.These are large worms, the female can reach a length of 45 cm. Is agile and high fertility.
roundworm cycle inside the host organism rather complicated.The eggs of this worm fall into the gastrointestinal tract via dirty vegetables and fruit, through unwashed hands.Then the larvae through the intestinal wall into the blood in the right atrium, and from there to the lungs, it is raised to the nasopharynx, where the ingestion of a secondary. Adults remain in the intestine - the most likely option, but they can live in almost any organ: liver, lungs, middle ear, there is even a case where the roundworm were found in the frontal sinuses and the eyeball.
During the long migration of the parasite in the child appear common signs of infection, ie, allergic reactions, fever, headaches.When Ascaris completed its cycle, the symptoms are more specific and depend on the habitat.
- Abdominal pain;
- Nausea and salivation;
- Decreased appetite;
- itching in the anal area.
also characteristic of Ascaris infestation decreased immunity, dizziness, loss of body weight, which is extremely dangerous for the baby.
Videos about who the roundworm and what they're dangerous
Diagnosis and treatment
When the above symptoms and the absence of other obvious signs need to conduct studies on the identification of parasitic diseases.
The KLA virtually any guests will leave a trace in the form of increase in the number of eosinophils, as often occurs anemia and may increase white blood cells.
same basic diagnostic study is kaprologicheskoe, ie analysis of feces for the presence of eggs, cysts of parasites.It should be noted that in the absence of their faeces health is not always guaranteed.
That is why developed blood serology (ELISA), it will be positive after 2-4 weeks from the onset of the disease.The method in the detection of antibodies against Giardia or ascarids.
Since Ascaris worms are fairly large and can live not only in the intestine, it can be carried out with a view to identifying ultrasound.In order to exclude the presence of Giardia sometimes resorted to the study of duodenal contents.Treatment
any parasitic infestation is to destroy helminth or protozoan specific drugs and the body's recovery.Antiparasitic agents are quite toxic and their use is allowed only when there is a proven problem.
Currently, treatment is quick, but it is better to avoid such cohabitation, sometimes it does not go unnoticed, especially for children. It is very important from an early age to vaccinate a child hygiene practices - this is the best method of prevention of parasitic diseases.