The thyroid gland, located at the front of the neck and controlled by the pituitary gland in the human body performs an important function of hormone triiodothyronine and thyroxine, which is impossible without the normal process of metabolism. primary cause of this disease is the lack of cancer or, conversely, excessive amounts of certain elements in the body.The treatment of all diseases of the thyroid gland an endocrinologist.The most frequent diagnosis of his patients are: hypothyroidism, Graves' disease, thyroid nodes rarer: thyroiditis, adenoma, a malignant tumor.

Content

  • 1 Hypothyroidism
  • 2 thyrotoxicosis
  • 3 Thyroid nodes
  • 4 thyroiditis
  • 5 thyroid adenoma
  • 6 Malignant tumorthyroid

Hypothyroidism Hypothyroidism is a condition caused by a decrease in the main function of the thyroid gland, causing it produces insufficient for normal body functioning of hormones.Most often, this pathology occurs in women, occurs chronically and may not be felt for a

long period of time.The main symptoms of hypothyroidism are often confused with symptoms of depression.These include fatigue, loss of appetite, muscle and headaches, frequent numbness of extremities, deterioration of the skin, nails, hair, memory disorders, impaired vision, a constant ringing in the ears, swelling of the skin.With a lack of thyroid hormone produced in the body has slowed metabolism that can not affect the state of health of the person.The patient usually pursues a bad mood, it is difficult to focus and keep the attention on one issue.The result is a decrease in performance.Laryngeal edema hypothyroidism leads to the fact that the patient becomes difficult to breathe, he begins to snore during sleep.Slower digestion results in frequent constipation.A serious complication of a lack of hormones in the body is considered to be a change in heart rate, which is usually reduced to 50 beats per minute, reproductive disorders.The goal of treatment of hypothyroidism is to restore the normal functioning of the thyroid gland and compensate for the lack of hormones in the body.Patients received the drug Levothyroxine, the dose is calculated depending on their age.Sometimes people with a lack of thyroid function are forced to take hormonal agents for several years.

thyrotoxicosis

diffuse toxic goiter or hyperthyroidism - an autoimmune disease accompanied by excessive production of thyroid hormone, it increases in size and metabolic disorders in the body tissues.The cause of this disease can be upper respiratory tract infection, frequent stress, injury or operational intervention in the area of ​​the thyroid gland, poisoning, long being under direct sunlight.Symptoms of diffuse toxic goiter is very diverse, the disease occurs very slowly and is accompanied by a gradual increase in the amount of the thyroid gland.Against the background of the progression of the disease goiter becomes visible form, increases and can reach huge sizes.The main symptoms of hyperthyroidism: excessive sweating, sleep impairment, memory loss, muscle aches, irritability, menstruation violation and lack of ovulation in women, decreased libido, pucheglazija development, rapid heart rhythms, polyuria, hand shake.When at least some symptoms of toxic goiter should see a specialist.Severe disease sometimes leads to a life-threatening human thyrotoxic crisis, in which there is excessive release of thyroid hormones in the blood of the patient.Thrown into the blood substances quickly spread throughout the body and reach all its tissues and organs, leading to their intoxication.In the absence of all the necessary medical measures like state ends with the death of the organism.Treatment of diffuse toxic goiter performed comprehensively.The patient shows a rest, a correct diet, avoiding harmful habits.Treatment of severe disease is carried out in a specialized institution, a patient at the same time shows the introduction thyreostatics, radioactive iodine therapy.If you have a large goiter performed surgery on the thyroid gland.

Thyroid nodes

Thyroid nodes are small, localized directly in the thyroid gland, the formation in the form of nodules or cysts.This pathology is very common among the population of the Earth, however, is not always visible to the naked eye.Thyroid formation sometimes reach microscopic size, in most cases, their presence becomes known at the time of examination on the body of any other disease.Sometimes thyroid nodes reach a relatively large size, can be felt by palpation and become noticeable.Their education leads to difficulty breathing and swallowing food.Very rarely, a node can cause the development of cancerous thyroid tumors.Treatment of thyroid nodes involves the use of hormones (levothyroxine) and radioactive iodine.In the absence of a positive outcome of treatment components can be removed surgically.

thyroiditis Thyroiditis - inflammation of the thyroid gland.The main cause of the disease can become an infection or intoxication.Thyroiditis symptoms are: fever, a marked thickening of the neck, throbbing pain in the ears, pain during swallowing and turning the head, an increase in local lymph nodes.The disease can occur in an acute and chronic form.For its treatment in most cases are assigned antibiotics, analgesics and anti-inflammatory agents, vitamins, corticosteroids.In the case of suppurative thyroiditis, surgical treatment.

thyroid adenoma

thyroid adenoma is a tumor (benign) is localized directly in the iron and having the shape of an oval or circle.In the process of increasing the tumors adjacent organs are, as a rule, compression, with marked difficulty in breathing, swallowing, etc.The main characteristic feature of adenoma of the thyroid gland is the appearance of a smooth inside, having a clear edge education.Such education is usually painless and is easily palpated.In some cases, a multiple adenoma.The disease is accompanied by the appearance of symptoms: excessive sweating, irritability, weight loss, fatigue.Against the background of tumor development may occur irregularities in the digestive system, increase blood pressure and body temperature.Thyroid adenomas should be differentiated from cancer, she has the ability to regenerate over time.The main diagnostic methods are: ultrasound and biopsy.The treatment is carried out any type of tumor surgically, ie implies their complete removal.Typically, the formation of thyroid tumors is accompanied by a strengthening of its function, which leads to a severe form of hyperthyroidism.In the postoperative period, the patient shows preparations, the effect of which is aimed at restoring the normal operation of the prostate.Depending on the condition of the patient is assigned to hormone therapy or, conversely, gormonopodavlyayuschaya.With early detection of the disease his prognosis is favorable treatment.

Malignant tumor of the thyroid gland

Malignant tumor of the thyroid gland is rarely observed, the cause of its development can be radiation exposure, iodine deficiency in the body, the presence of thyroid adenoma, or nodes.Thyroid cancer may not occur for several months, at the same time to progress, which is very unfavorable for human health and life.Over time, patients have shortness of breath, rapid heart rhythms, weakness of the body.The only method of treating cancer in this case is the partial or total excision of the body in combination with radiotherapy and chemotherapy.Favorable prognosis only in case of detection of tumor in the first stage of its development.