disease called giardiasis-infestation Giardia, which is expressed in intestinal dysfunction or asymptomatic parazitonositelstve.The source itself lamblia is a man.To catch this disease can be in contact through the mouth into the human body is infected with Giardia food, water or through dirty hands.So-called "gateway" for Giardia serve intestine.It is proved that for giardiasis began its development, would last only about ten lamblia cysts.In the body, where settled giardia, reproduction occurs rapidly.People infected with Giardia, can defecate even up to 18 billion cysts throughout the day.
Giardia - a strict parasite that can not eat already decorated food particles.
Expert opinion: It is not clear the term "strict parasite."Most likely the author had in mind that Giardia is an obligate parasite that is present and complete, which is not normally lives in the human body.
Giardia in vegetative forms can only be on the mucosal surface of the small intestine, in the upper part.The mucous l
Expert opinion: the motor activity of the small intestine is not damaged.There malabsorption and damage the villi of the mucous membrane of the small intestine.
yeast cells as actively proliferate when giardiasis, as well as bacteria.As a result, development of the disease can begin with the pancreas, biliary tract.What are the symptoms of giardiasis clinically?Impaired absorption of fat, decreased activity of lactase and ehnteropeptidazy, difficult absorption of carbohydrates.To make matters worse, reduced absorption of B12 and C - vitamins, which are essential for our health.As a conclusion: those substances which are produced by Giardia as indirect and direct method negative impact on the structure of the small intestine, damaging it.
Expert opinion: This is not the clinical manifestations of giardiasis, and pathogenic and biochemical.Clinical manifestations - is the disease symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, fever, diarrhea, etc.
Giardia can not survive in the biliary tract, because the bile immediately kills giardia.That is why serious violations of the liver due to giardiasis will not arise.Also, giardiasis will not serve the cause of holetsistoholangitov or CNS lesions.Often, you can meet the situation disease giardiasis in addition to other diseases.If there Shigella, is a serious disorder of the intestine may occur in addition to Giardia.If broken immunogenez, then dysentery becomes chronic.
Most of the people infected with giardia, giardiasis disease occurs with no apparent complications and the clinical manifestations of nature, ie, it is in a latent form of giardiasis.Those diseases which are expressed clinically manifested in acute and chronic forms.The incubation period of giardiasis can last up to three weeks.
first manifestations of acute giardiasis begin, a person afflicted with Giardia, begins to appear loose stools, without blood and impurities, watery.
The smell unpleasant, and the surface can be floated fat.Acute pain can appear under the "spoon", in addition, gas generation occurs, which inflates the intestines, as well as nausea and eructation occurs.It may occur to decrease appetite and vomiting, increased body temperature.
Acute giardiasis stage lasts about six days.However, in some people this stage can last for months, accompanied by severe disturbances in eating, typical weight loss.Disappear symptoms of giardiasis may spontaneously within three to four weeks.However, such disease may be chronic and relapses occur in the form, that is, in the periodic bloating and epigastric pain.There may be a liquefied chair.For the clinical symptoms is important and intolerance to sugar (milk).Incidentally, chronic giardiasis is more common in children than in adults.If we talk about the complications, then they do not give giardiasis.
Identification giardiasis performed by analyzes.
- 1 What tests need to take to identify giardiasis?
- 1.1 analysis of feces to identify lamblia
- 1.2 analysis using ELISA method
What tests need to take to identify giardiasis?
analysis of feces to identify lamblia
By microscopy is determined whether there is Giardia in humans or not.For the analysis must 1.3 gram faeces storage condition where the temperature should be between two and eight degrees, with less storage time of day.For more than seven days at a temperature range of minus twenty degrees.
The analysis can be done decoding the following conclusion: in the presence of Giardia cysts, the result - positive.
analysis using ELISA method
This kind of blood test, which is used for venous blood, which can detect the presence of antibodies to parasites and their pathogens.
Expert Opinion: blood parasites are not found.
However, antibodies present in blood can be no more than three with the initial infection.Therefore, doctors advise to carry out comprehensive tests to detect diseases such as giardiasis.
But be aware that much easier to carry out disease prevention rather than cure it.It is only necessary carefully comply with all rules of hygiene and conduct of sanitary-hygienic measures.