pneumonia or pneumonia is an infectious disease of bacterial origin.
Expert opinion: It is not always pneumonia caused by bacteria.Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H1N1 can cause hemorrhagic pneumonia with often fatal.
basis of the treatment of pneumonia make antibiotics - natural or semi-synthetic substance whose primary function is to inhibit the growth of living cells.Such substances are included in many medications.
Expert Opinion: Antibacterials are bacteriostatic, inhibits the proliferation of bacteria and bactericidal, destroy bacterial cells.Antibiotics are full of drugs.May also exist in combination with other drugs.
treatment one way or another antibiotic appoint specialist after diagnosis.The choice of drug affects the patient's age, the presence of his chronic diseases, the main agent of the disease.
most commonly for the treatment of pneumonia are appointed:
- Rulid, tsifran (in severe cases).
Expert's opinion: At the moment, erythromycin, ampicillin for treatment of pneumonia are not used in connection with the development of them dead bacteria.
All drugs in most cases administered intravenously, as they are directly entering the bloodstream has a rapid effect on the primary pathogen and speed the healing process.Pneumonia refers to diseases whose treatment is urgent.
Erythromycin belongs to a group of macrolide antibiotics, active against streptococci, staphylococci, which are in most cases the main causative agents of pneumonia.The main contraindication to the use of a hepatic failure and intolerance to the drug component.Exceeding this dose side effects may occur in the form of nausea, jaundice, hepatic colic, vomiting, dizziness and allergic rashes on the skin.One course of treatment lasts no more than ten days.In the absence of positive results the doctor prescribes an antibiotic treatment is another.
Ampicillin belongs to a group of semi-synthetic penicillins, has long been prescribed for the treatment of diseases of the respiratory system.Despite the fact that now replace the ampicillin have new in some cases more effective means, it is still often used to treat pneumonia.Ampicillin Injection is contraindicated in pregnant and lactating women.As side effects occur: allergic skin rash, disorders of the central nervous system, goiter.
Expert Opinion: Today treatment of pneumonia ampicillin unnecessarily.Azithromycin
- macrolide antibiotic of the group has a negative effect on the RNA of bacteria leading to their destruction.In the appointment of treatment with this antibiotic the doctor must take into account the compatibility of the drug with other drugs.Among the side effects: vomiting, dizziness, palpitations, weakness, drowsiness.Contraindication is pregnancy, because the antibiotic is transferred to the baby through the placenta connects it with her mother.
Spiramycin refers to a number of natural antibiotics, was first obtained from the fungus streptomyces ambofaciens in 1954 by a group of French biologists.Active against most bacteria that cause pneumonia.The antibiotic is indicated for the treatment of diseases in pregnant women because of its negative effects on the fetus to date not revealed.Usually well tolerated by all patients.Side effects in the form of vomiting, headache, hives occur rarely.
Rulid tsifran and have been used for the treatment of pneumonia relatively recently, belong to the group of macrolides.When prescribing accounted for their compatibility with other drugs.Contraindications include: pregnancy and lactation, hypersensitivity to these drugs.Among the side effects: skin rash, bronchial spasms, changes in sense of smell, nausea.
One course of antibiotics for pneumonia is not more than 10 days.In the case of tablets overdose gastric lavage is performed, when a side effect of intravenous injection there is a complete abolition of the appointed physician of the drug.