Hemoglobin is a complex protein that is in the red blood cells.It consists of two parts.The first part - a protein and the second part - is an iron compound.That's because the iron atoms of the blood becomes red.
directly Hemoglobin carries oxygen transport function and carbon dioxide from the lungs to the cells and tissues of other organs.If the hemoglobin is insufficient oxygen transport hemoglobin when difficult.Because of this, the cells do not receive sufficient oxygen and as a result of the function and metabolism in these cells is disrupted.
Norma hemoglobin in the blood of an adult is considered to be the figure of one hundred twenty to one hundred and sixty and a woman from the one hundred and thirty to one hundred and seventy in men.In children, this figure varies, starting from the first day of birth until the age of eighteen.Therefore, at the same age at the child rate of hemoglobin differs from the norm in a different age.So do not panic if your child is too small or too high.For
- 1 Reasons reduction of hemoglobin in the blood
- 2 Implications of reduced hemoglobin in the blood
- 3 symptoms that manifest with anemia
- 4 How to raisehemoglobin in the blood?
Reasons reduction of hemoglobin in the blood
There are a number of reasons, which lower the level of hemoglobin in the blood.In fact, these factors can be grouped into three groups.
primarily low hemoglobin may be associated with a decrease in the number of components, which are necessary for the synthesis of hemoglobin.Therefore, this group is the reduction proceeds directly or malabsorption in the intestine or stomach those components that are involved in the synthesis of hemoglobin, namely iron and amino acids.This phenomenon occurs when the protein starvation, chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, with a lack of iron in the diet, while removing all of the small intestine or the duodenum.
also decrease the hemoglobin may be due to a violation of the hemoglobin synthesis process, even with the presence of a sufficient number of plastic components.This group include certain genetic disorders that are taking place when a sufficient amount of iron and amino acids.This process occurs with anemia after lead poisoning, with sideroblastic anemia and thalassemia.
In the third case, the hemoglobin may be reduced due to the increase of its losses.For this group of causes include genetic disorders, bleeding or a condition which leads to increased haemolysis of red blood cells, ie erythrocytes.Genetic disorders include such things as hereditary elliptocytosis hereditary microspherocytosis, thalassemia, hereditary stomatoz, unstable hemoglobin, sickle cell anemia, aplastic anemia, autoimmune and immune hemolytic anemia and paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria.
Implications of reduced hemoglobin in the blood
As is known, reduction of hemoglobin can lead to such disease as anemia.The severity of anemia is determined by the level of decrease in hemoglobin.
If the hemoglobin is in the range of ninety to one hundred twenty, then such an anemia is considered mild.Anemia is considered moderately severe when the hemoglobin level is reduced to sixty to ninety.Severe anemia develops when the hemoglobin from sixty and below.
However, this distribution applies only to adults, as the level of hemoglobin in children's blood varies depending on their age.Therefore, anemia is considered to be the indicator, which is below the norm, designed for a particular age of the child.
symptoms that manifest with anemia
In the case of reduction of hemoglobin in humans exhibit a number of symptoms.Primarily pale mucous membranes and skin.It appears tinnitus, dizziness and weakness.Man gets tired very quickly, almost nothing eats or refuses to take food.It also adds to the weight and he has a shortness of breath.In addition, a person changing tastes and behavior.Often when a person refuses to anemia vegetable products and meat dishes, and prefers to eat cereal and milk to drink.In addition, anemia is manifested in appearance.Hair and nails man will melt very fragile and there are binding.
Of course, these symptoms do not always indicate anemia, but in any case, changes in the state of health should take a blood test and find out the cause of a particular symptom.
How to raise the hemoglobin in the blood?
Since the reduction of hemoglobin in the body lacks vitamins and iron, in order to increase his need to consume in your diet foods that contain these elements.
Thus, to increase the hemoglobin should eat such meat as veal, beef, turkey and liver.These meats contain a large amount of iron, so they need to eat very often.
addition, you can eat pastries, to prepare a wheat flour is used.It also contains iron.
With regard to plant products, the most iron is in the beans and soy.But, unfortunately, in these products is almost no vitamin C. In order to enrich the beans in this vitamin should cook them with vegetables such as broccoli, spinach, carrots and so on.
lot of iron and vitamins are also found in fruits and berries, namely in dried apricots, apples, blueberries, apricots, pomegranate and more.These berries and fruits can be frozen and to eat in winter, especially when the body needs vitamins.
Remember that cereals are not the main suppliers of iron, so try to vary your diet and the diet of their child.
Besides proper diet, it is also necessary to lead a healthy and active lifestyle.Only in this case will always be your hemoglobin is normal.So even if you have a sedentary lifestyle and you have no time to engage in sports, just try to be outdoors at least three hours a day.And even more effective is the forest air.So, relax more, and longer, and preferably outdoors.