thyroid adenoma or toxic adenoma - a disease that occurs as a result of hyperfunction of thyroid nodule if hyperfunctioning several nodes, it is - multinodular toxic goiter.
Expert Opinion: Not as a result of hyperfunction of thyroid nodule, as a result of the uncontrolled growth of the cells of the thyroid gland itself.When hyperfunction of thyroid nodule disease will still be referred to as cell - nodular toxic goiter.
thyroid adenoma refers to benign tumors and has a round or oval shape.cancer cells have different degrees of perception of the factors that enhance their growth (iodine), and therefore the most sensitive cells start to proliferate not control, and form a unit.These cells have receptors that respond to the amount of thyroid-stimulating hormone, and can produce a larger amount.They become independently functioning cells.Risk of disease is a benign tumor that can transform into a malignant and increased secretion of the hormone inhibits the pituitary gland and thyroid througho
The most common thyroid adenoma develops in women after age 40.The initial manifestations of the disease are: body weight loss occurs and it does not change the diet and lifestyle;there is irritability;man does not tolerate the heat and warmth;quickens the heartbeat, which remains at rest and during sleep;there is fatigue of the body with little physical exertion.
In the further course of the disease there are problems with the gastrointestinal tract, increased blood pressure and, in some cases, there is constant fever.People aged only symptoms early in the disease may be rapid heartbeat, drowsiness and fatigue, and shortness of breath.Gradually, the number of symptoms will increase, and changes to, the part of the heart and blood vessels to progress, causing arrhythmia and miokardiodistrofiyayu.All this may lead to heart failure.
Clinically adenoma is found in a site that has a clear contours, and the physician can detect it by palpation.After finding an endocrinologist site to confirm the diagnosis appoints a number of studies: ultrasound diagnosis of cancer, cytological analysis and blood tests for thyroid hormones and scintigraphy.take a puncture for cytological analysis.Most often this aspiration biopsy performed under ultrasound guidance, it allows 80% of cases to distinguish an adenoma to cancer.
Adenoma smears combined with goiter or thyroid cancer.Once the diagnosis is established endocrinologist picks treatment given the size of the adenoma, the patient's age and gender.If the size of small adenomas, the doctor prescribes a comprehensive drug treatment, and if the adenoma is 2 cm or more, and there is a possibility of degeneration of an adenoma in a cancer - surgery.
Treatment of thyroid adenoma
Drug treatment is the use of drugs that inhibit the production of thyroid-stimulating hormone, that is carried out suppressive therapy.When a person such therapy should be used from 2 to 5.2 mg / kg body weight per day of thyroxine, the average is about 150-200 micrograms.This treatment is very serious and should be held strictly on doctor's recommendation and under his control.Suppressive therapy has its consequences - is the emergence of osteoporosis in women and children, and cardiovascular disorders.This therapy has a positive effect of treatment in 80% of adenomas, which occurs when there is insufficient amount of iodine and 15% with toxic adenoma.
During treatment of thyroid adenoma recommended to also use herbal medicine.Use plants that are able to inhibit the production of the hormone or can cause cell death.Such plants include: lycopus European, pink periwinkle (catharanthus), autumn crocus, Pacific yew, heal-all.For drugs that are prescribed for the treatment of adenoma of the thyroid gland include: levothyroxine, l-thyroxine, Mikroyod, carbimazole, propitsil and others.Patients aged adenoma may offer treatment with radioactive iodine.
there are still non-operating method, which is used in small quantities and small scale units.Directly in a needle assembly with ethanol volume administered from 1 to 8 ml.This procedure is carried out several times, the result is a destruction and termination node adenomatous hormone production.
Just people who are diagnosed with adenoma, you need mental balance, healthy sleep and active protection from the sun's rays, fiber diet and properly selected vitamin complex.
If drug treatment is ineffective, the node sizes are large, or the patient is a woman who is planning in the future of children, while carrying out an operation to remove a benign tumor, ie adenomas.Most often, before the operation the patient is prescribed individually tailored drug therapy, which must be strictly observed.Samu operation must be carried out under endotracheal anesthesia combined, rather than collectively.The incision during surgery is recommended to do at the bottom of the neck.
the presence of a single adenoma in one of the Fe content is removed only the portion that impressed or make thyroid lobe resection only within the healthy tissue.The entire fraction is removed in the event that there is a danger of occurrence of cancer.At large overgrown nodes that are in all iron removal is performed two fractions, i.e. a complete removal of the thyroid gland.The operation is completed by putting one or more cosmetic seams.If the surgery was without complications, the person prescribed for 2-3 days, but in severe form in 5-6 days.The prognosis for surgical treatment of thyroid favorable.
After surgery, it is recommended to give up bad habits, consume iodine in sufficient quantities and for a long time is not in the sun.