BPH - benign pathological growth of prostate cells.Due prostate begins to grow and regenerate, ie, hypertrophy of cells provoking factors.The first symptoms of the disease appear when the hypertrophied cells begin to squeeze the urethra, which is inside the gland, later there are other signs of the disease.
Expert opinion: A small clarification.The urethra passes through the prostate, and is not within the prostate.It is not a part of it, as one might think the reader ignorant of the written above.
So for BPH is characterized by such symptoms appear frequent urge to the bathroom, especially at night, in which the process of urination difficult;weakened urine stream, a thin and discontinuous process itself;sensation of incomplete emptying of the bladder;sudden, trudnosderzhivaemye urination, especially in stressful situations;incontinence - occurs when a protracted course of the disease.All the symptoms do not appear immediately, but gradually accruing over time.
Treatment of prostate adenoma
Now BPH treated comprehensively combine medical treatment with physiotherapy and surgically, if the disease is in advanced stage or the patient wants to forget about this problem forever.For BPH stage I -II treat physiotherapy and medicine, this treatment helps to reduce the size of adenomatous node, but it remains.In stage III adenoma apply only surgical treatment.
Physiotherapeutic procedures, which are used in the treatment of adenoma - prostate massage, thermoablation, transurethral needle ablation and microwave, cryotherapy.When conducting thermoablation adenomatous tissue is destroyed by heat.In transurethral needle ablation using radiofrequency pulses that contribute to slower growth and reduce the prostate size.While transurethral microwave thermotherapy also decreases the amount of iron in their work and improves the bladder.When conducting cryotherapy using liquid nitrogen frozen only diseased cells but not healthy cells.
drugs that are used in treatment of BPH is very much, here are some of them: Prostamol Uno, prazosin, Alfuzosin, Omnic, Proscar, Kardura, Impaza.The main active ingredients of these drugs leads to normal operation of the bladder, urinary facilitate the process, help to reduce the growth of prostate tissue, normalize blood pressure.
Expert Opinion: These drugs do not have as such action on the bladder.They improve urination only by slowing the growth of prostate adenoma.
Selection of drugs by a doctor as a course of treatment lasting about six months.As traditional medicine offers many effective tools for the treatment of adenomas: tinctures, herbal.
In recent years in the treatment of BPH frequently used method bioelektrokantsernoy therapy (BEC).It is based on an electrochemical lysis - only destruction of tumor cells, and healthy non-tumor cells remain intact.This method contributes to eating disorders and pathological tissue at the same time there is a mobilization of the body's defenses, which are aimed at combating tumors.The therapeutic effect is achieved by direct destructive effect on tumor tissue and DC electrolysis products that are formed.This method is very effective in the treatment of BPH.
When surgical treatment the doctor chooses a method based on the patient's condition, the size of enlarged prostate, the manifestation of symptoms of the disease and the amount of residual urine.Now surgery in urology try performed using minimally invasive techniques.In carrying out such operations is not made cuts on the body surface, and the entire operation is conducted through the urethra, and also bleeding complications after such operations minimized.Anesthesia epidural during such operations.The residence time of a patient in the hospital for about 3 days after the surgery, it all contributes to the rapid recovery and enables a person to recover quickly and get to work.These minimally invasive procedures include:
- transurethral resection (TUR), when it removed the excess prostate tissue via a resectoscope through the urinary canal.This operation has contraindications - kidney failure, and adenoma weight more than 60 grams;
- transurethral incision, similar to conduct on the tour, but at the time of her doctor only makes small incisions in the gland;
- laser operation, under the effect of the laser is a local destruction of the hypertrophied cells;
- balloon dilatation of the prostate gland.The urethra is introduced the balloon, which is then inflated and thereby expands the narrowed portion.
All these minimally invasive surgery is carried out if an adenoma does not exceed 60 g, and young people who need to maintain sexual function.
If adenoma is very expanded and gave complications (damage to the bladder), and patient age of 50 years, then spend open prostatectomy.This operation requires a serious anesthesia often use general anesthesia.During prostatectomy incision in the abdomen, then the surgeon reaches the prostate capsule, from which scrapes overgrown tissue from the inside, that is, remove the inner part of the prostate gland.
If BPH is not treated, it can cause serious violations of the outflow of urine in the body and lead to kidney stones, inflammations in the urinary organs (chronic cystitis, pyelonephritis), can also cause acute urinary retention - the state requiresurgent medical intervention aimed at restoring the flow of urine.
Remember that timely treatment and proper treatment can help avoid discomfort and complications and a healthy lifestyle, a balanced diet, exercise, personal hygiene will be a good prevention.