disease develops with almost imperceptible, small holes in the tooth for which you can be, and do not pay attention to her.Oh and if and noticed that trip to the doctor, as always, has been postponed for a week, then a second, and then completely forget to do it.But one night you can rouse acute, unbearable toothache that will make the morning run at full speed to the dentist.The doctor, making inspection, diagnoses - pulpit!

Let's finish with a foreword and still see what is the pulpit, and how to deal with it.First, let's understand that the pulp does not arise out of thin air, it appears as a consequence of advanced forms of dental caries.Pulp - This neurovascular bundle of the tooth, pulpitis - inflammation of his characteristic sign of which - growing and throbbing toothache, which occurs late at night.

Content

  • 1 Causes pulpit
  • 2 Symptoms
  • 3 Treatment of pulpitis

Causes pulpit

inflammation process beginswith the fact that in a dental cavity, which arises as

a result of caries fall food particles, microorganisms, bacteria, they also lead to the inflammatory process.There are cases in dentistry that pulpitis due to infection can occur in the channel of the apical foramen of the dental root.This process is called retrograde pulpitis.

Symptoms The symptoms are quite varied, but they can be classified by such characteristics:

  • Chronic pulpitis - fibrous, hypertrophic, gangrenous .

Fibrous chronic pulpitis - very often the case in the transition from acute pulpitis in its chronic inflammation.It is characterized by a change of acute pain in the pain that may arise from external stimuli.Attacks may appear dull toothache.This type of pulpitis, may tend to flow with no above-described symptoms.

Hypertrophic chronic pulpitis - common in children and young people with very severe form of dental caries.It is accompanied by painful sensations from external mechanical influences and bleeding gums.

Gangrenous chronic pulpitis - it proceeds with a very strong sense of a toothache.In this form of teeth affected pulpitis have enough strong reactions on the hot temperature.

  • Acute pulpitis divided into such two major forms:

Focal pulpit, which is the initial step in the inflammation of the pulp.The pain is short-term, intermittent, which is amplified when exposed to any stimuli.

diffuse pulpitis - this is one of the most severe forms.Pain so sharp and unbearable pain that resonance is possible even in the temporal part in the ears, in the orbit and jaws.Hot is a strong irritant and cool (which may be water) dulls pain sensations.

pulp necrosis - unfortunately, irreversible form in this process, due to which, the pulp dies completely.It may arise from mechanical damage (impact), there is tearing of the vascular nerve bundle.

In acute pulpitis symptoms are very pronounced and painful, so the patient will ask for help to the dentist.

  • Children pulpit .The physiology of the body of the child greatly affects the overall clinical picture of the pulpit.The form of acute pulpitis with a child has not yet formed tooth root often has purulent form.Periodonticheskim accompanied by inflammation.Tapping (percussion) teeth very painful.It is sometimes possible to observe the patient's tooth staggering.Children pulpitis occurs and is treated in the same way as an adult.The greatest challenge in this situation is to collect all the information, medical history, so as a child sensitive to any pain, especially tooth.

Treatment of pulpitis

Treatment of pulpitis passes depending on the shape of its stages.Modern medications have the ability to maintain destroys tooth tissues in a very early stage of the disease, if at the same time to seek help from a specialist.There are cases in which the disease in its development, goes too far.Then the dentist spends depulpation, that is - complete removal of the nerve channels cleaning, filling them.

Earlier in the dental practice, the patient was removed from the damaged tooth pulp, because the procedure depulpation, at that time, was too complicated.today's methods allow to treat pulpitis and tooth support functions.

Now there are two traditional method of treatment of pulpitis:

first - biological, or conservative.This method allows you to remain viable dental pulp.Used when he accidentally opening the tooth cavity, inflammatory diseases of the pulp in traumatic pulpitis.The biological method is most effective in the early stages of the disease.The procedure is as follows: the introduction of local anesthetic action, removing diseased tissue, applying a paste with a therapeutic effect, the subsequent filling.

last two steps can be done in one or two treatments, with a temporary filling.It all depends on the degree of destruction and the complexity of the work.

Method surgery - involves complete removal of the diseased pulp, followed by sealing the root canal and dental crown restoration.Can use two methods of removing the pulp - the vital and non-vital.The first method is performed with anesthesia, the second - with a preliminary sacrifice tooth nerve.

Therapies pulpit chooses a doctor, and only after a thorough examination and study of the disease stage.Do not use your own home painkillers and analgesics, and immediately contact a doctor.Being treated at home by yourself, you only need to delay treatment by a specialist, and thus lose precious time.The main method of treatment - is prevention.It consists of early detection and treatment of children and adults caries.Healthy teeth you!