bronchitis or inflammation of the bronchial mucosa may be acute or chronic.The disease is quite common and in most cases it is accompanied by some viral disease.Essentially, bronchitis occurs as a response to bronchial walls aggressive influence on their chemical or viral agents and toxic agents may allergens.
The causes of bronchitis are primarily infections, the most common of which is the influenza virus, adenovirus, parainfluenza, and the bacteria streptococci, pneumococci, Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcus, and Mycoplasma and Chlamydia, that is, intracellular parasites.In addition to infection may trigger bronchitis allergens and toxic veschestva.Bronhity accompanied by acute respiratory infections, the ox during which the bronchial tubes become inflamed, as well as all the respiratory tract.Accordingly, it may be allergic bronchitis, viral, bacterial, fungal and chemical.It is important to understand the nature of bronchitis, its causes, since the choice of measures for the treatm
Symptoms of bronchitis
Our airways calculated that the air coming to the lungs through the bronchi must be very sterile - to filter it serve as the nose and bronchial mucosa.As soon as the bronchi penetrate microbes or chemicals, they immediately cause bronchial mucosa damage, starts a response in the form of coughing, the elaboration of abundant mucus.When inflammation of the infection progresses rapidly, but quickly passes, and the mucosa is restored.In this case we are talking about an acute form of the disease.
Chronic bronchitis develops slowly, bronchial mucosa is exposed to prolonged exposure to disease-causing factors.This form of bronchitis occurs in those who are constantly in a dusty environment, who smoke for many years, as well as those who suffer from chronic bacterial infection.In chronic bronchitis, the inflammation affects not only the surface layers of the bronchi, and penetrates through the entire thickness.In this case, the inflammation is prolonged, and bronchi undergo irreversible deformation and narrowing.
Symptoms of chronic bronchitis include, of course, a chronic cough, which is observed in the patient for months during the year for several years.On coughing should pay particular attention to: it is especially intensified in the morning, with deep and dull at the same time abundantly released sputum, and then it points to a complication in the form of bronchiectasis.The temperature generally does not increase, and if it increases, it is insignificant.Occasionally can be recurrent, when due to hypothermia or diseases acute respiratory infections are painful cough.
Another symptom of chronic bronchitis - shortness of breath, which often gives grounds for suspecting obstructive acute bronchitis.It is important not to confuse these two diagnoses.
Sometimes with chronic bronchitis during a cough may be present in sputum blood.This should be a signal for you to consult a doctor immediately, because at this stage, can be mistaken for symptoms of chronic bronchitis, lung cancer or tuberculosis.
Over time, chronic bronchitis flows into obstructive acute lung disease.Chronic bronchitis usually suffer in adulthood.The disease does not occur by itself, but is a consequence of several episodes of bronchitis or suffering permanent long-term effects on the bronchi aggressive external factors such as tobacco smoke or dust.
Treatment of chronic bronchitis
Chronic bronchitis treated with a course of antibiotics, which are designed to suppress the chronic infection and expectorant drugs and preparations to expand the lumen of the bronchi.Clearly, if the chronic bronchitis is caused by, for example, tobacco smoke, the treatment begins with giving up smoking.If we are talking about a dusty environment or allergens, it is necessary to first eliminate the cause of bronchitis.
left untreated chronic bronchitis can not be, but it does so most smokers.Chronic bronchitis untreated flows in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which is already irreversible changes in the human respiratory tract.
In addition, the treatment includes the promotion of the work of immunity.In addition, highly effective kinds inhalation in chronic bronchitis: well, if you are using natural herbal supplements such as garlic or onion containing volatile.The complex is used for the restoration of full operation of the bronchi physiotherapy and massage in the chest, as well as methods of physiotherapy.Great demand for the treatment of chronic bronchitis enjoys the drug acetylcysteine, or NAC, as effectively brings sticky phlegm from the bronchial tubes.
As an independent agent, it is not enough, but as an aid very efficiently.It is in addition to the flushing effect also has an antioxidant effect, reduces inflammation and stimulates the secretion of pulmonary lubrication.Widely used in the treatment and mucolytics, which also contribute to the removal of viscous mucus from the lungs and bronchi, and even able to cope with occlusion of the lumen of the bronchi, ie, it prevents the development of chronic bronchitis complications such as pneumonia.
Traditional medicine also offers a variety of recipes to deal with bronchitis: this decoction primrose root, which is very strong expectorant, this herb broth knotweed, which in addition to an expectorant effect gives also an anti-inflammatory effect.It is known for its expectorant and diaphoretic properties of grass mother and stepmother, which has also analgesic effect.Tincture of Eucalyptus is known for its properties as a antifebrile medicine, as well as an expectorant and facilitates breathing.