Psoriasis - a very common disease that affects the skin of the trunk, arms, legs and scalp.The disease is accompanied by any involvement in the process of nails or psoriatic onycha (nail psoriasis) exist as a localized manifestation of the disease.
in patients with psoriatic onycha, muddy nail plate, it can be seen in the characteristic cross and straight strips, nail view of the type of "thimble", ie has many punctate grooves.Depending on external signs of the disease, it can be distinguished from other nail lesions.
Naperstkovidny psoriasis different characteristic features, in which the nail takes the form of a thimble, which is achieved by the appearance of tiny holes on it, which occupy almost the entire area of the nail.Size, shape, depth of the pits varies considerably.This melkotochechnye holes can be grouped in certain areas, especially along the grooves, as well as to completely cover the entire surface.The growth of the nails affected by psoriasis is significantly accelerated.To
There are many diseases in which the nail tissue of patients also undergo some changes.Such cases can be attributed all kinds of dermatitis, lichen planus, Deverzhi disease and eczematous lesions.This fact should be considered when making a diagnosis in order to avoid medical errors.
nail psoriasis symptoms
Recognize nail psoriasis can be based on a number of specific features.First of all, keep in mind that pit formation on the nail psoriasis patient in order and have great depth.By pressing the tip of the needle to the bottom of a pit, you can determine the degree of pain the patient experiences.If the patient experiences a significant pain, then, this case indicates the presence of psoriatic onychia.
to one of the types of psoriatic nail infections include onycholysis.Unlike the previous type, its etiology is either traumatic or infectious in nature.This disease manifests separation of the nail from the nail bed tissue.The process of peeling nail thus passes completely painless for the patient.Branch nail may either complete or at some of its sites - lateral detachment, distal, central.
Manifestations onychia different.Often nail suffering from this disease resembles nail affected by splinters.Possible to meet a shape in which the nail resembles a hook that is bent upward.In any case, this type of disease in the space between the nail and the nail bed is formed extensive space which can be filled with air bubbles, dust, exfoliate the epidermis, which often leads to an unpleasant putrid odor.The nail of the patient can acquire different shades, from gray-white to brown.There is also a difference between this type of psoriasis can be attributed characteristic pinkish stripes that form around the edges of seats detachment.Edges over time changes color - from yellow to brown.
onychodystrophy - known type of the disease, which is one of the varieties of psoriatic nail lesions.This type of separation of the nail plate is shown and described as the most severe course of illness associated with the violation of nail growth.Unlike the previous type, peeling nail tissue occurs in a very small period of time.
Some patients suffering from psoriasis, complain of bleeding under the nails.Subungual hemorrhage may have the character of stains pink or red.The spots vary in size and transmission through nail tissue.In clinical practice, this type of psoriatic nail lesions called erythema hyponychial psoriasis.But the hemorrhagic form of nail psoriasis may also manifest itself in the form of dots of dark red color, perfectly visible through the nail tissue.In this case, there is a rupture of the capillaries.
If the surface of the patient's nail has a rough and dull appearance, it is evidence of another type pasoriza - trahionihii.The presence of holes is not observed.In some cases, it may be accompanied by trahionihiya koilonychia - saucer-shaped depression on the surface of the nail.When running process spoon-shaped nails are taking shape that is bent upwards.
Patients suffering from pustular form of psoriasis often suffer from psoriatic paronychia, a special form of destruction of the nail, where the nail phalanx significantly hyperemic and inflamed okolonogtevoy roller, which can also fester.
Treatment of psoriasis nail
If the history of suffering from psoriatic lesions of the nail is not heavy with pathological course, special treatment is not necessary.You can use all sorts of tools to improve the condition of nails, such as nail polish with a therapeutic effect.It is also useful to take vitamin-mineral preparations that will allow the body to not only strengthen the immune system, but also to make up for supply of missing substances that play an important role in the construction of body tissues.It is important to prevent the attachment of any type of infections that can lead to severe disease.
In the case of more severe course will need specialist care, which will select the desired mode of treatment.It is recommended to massage the nail surface daily.Nail roller while requiring careful maintenance.It is useful to use Retinol acetate.With the purpose of treatment once a day may be applied to the nail a special cream which contains calcipotriol.It is used in conjunction with a lotion containing corticosteroids.
should be remembered that patients suffering from any form of nail psoriasis, should be required to be under close medical supervision.Self-medication, as well as self-diagnosis can have serious consequences.