streptoderma - an infectious dermatological disease caused by streptococcus and characterized by the appearance on the skin of the patient round scaly pink and brown spots. If untreated, the infection quickly becomes chronic, significantly worsens the quality of life and becomes a cause of a number of serious complications (eg, myocarditis, and glomerulonephritis), the appearance of abscesses (limited capsule suppurations) and abscesses (spilled and no delineated byulcers surrounding tissue).

causative streptoderma is opportunistic facultative anaerobic bacteria from the family Streptococcaceae - streptococcus.This bacterium is normally part of the human microflora and stimulates the development of the disease only in the presence of one or more predisposing factors:

  • transferred acute diseases;
  • low immunity;
  • hypothermia;
  • diabetes;
  • skin injuries, nonhealing wounds and ulcers;
  • varicose disease;
  • thrombosis.

addition, streptoderma is also contagious disease that is transmitted from an in

fected person's health by prolonged contact or through various public objects.That is why this outbreak very often fixed in kindergartens and in closed institutions for children, where the children have shared toys, books, stationery and close contact with each other during sports and outdoor games.

Content

  • 1 symptoms of streptococcal
  • 2 Diagnostics streptoderma
  • 3 Treatment streptoderma
  • 4 Prevention streptoderma

symptoms of streptococcal

latent period when streptoderma lasts about a week.Upon its completion in the infected person's skin appear round or oval pink patches covered with scales melkoplastinchatymi quickly degenerates into gnoynopuzyrkovye elements.The diameter of these spots can dostigat5 cm, while the favorite places of their localization is the face, buttocks and limbs of the patient and his back.

Depending on the depth of the skin lesions are distinguished two forms of streptococcal:

  • strep impetigo (in this case, the bubbles rapidly opened and heal without leaving a trace);
  • ordinary ecthyma (in this case, the damaged sprout layer of the skin and after healing of scars revealed the bubbles).

Subjective feelings are usually absent when streptoderma: in some cases, patients complain of dry skin and a slight itching.With extensive lesions streptoderma patient may rise to low-grade fever, and increase regional lymph nodes.

Originally streptoderma is strictly localized, but in the absence of adequate and timely treatment, with frequent contact with water, as well as neglect of personal hygiene rules, it is rapidly becoming prevalent.In this disease is manifested in the form of large lesions with irregular edges and peelable epidermis on their periphery.After intentional or careless opening festering blisters on the patient's body surface formed a yellowish-brown crust.When you remove these crusts exposed erosive bright pink surface.

Diagnostics streptoderma

In the process of setting streptoderma differentiate diagnosis with diseases such as pityriasis versicolor, urticaria, atopic dermatitis, pyoderma and eczema.The main disease diagnostic criteria are:

  • stay in the lesion;
  • presence of characteristic clinical picture.

In addition, in the process of diagnosis performed microscopic examination and bacteriological seeding scraping spots.In the material taken during scrapings from an infected person found streptococci.

Treatment streptoderma

In cases where streptococcal lesions on the skin of the patient are isolated, and the general condition of the patient is not suffering, is held only local treatment of the disease.In all other cases, in addition to local funds administered to patients restorative drugs, vitamin therapy, therapeutic ultraviolet irradiation to the affected streptococcal skin, gene therapy, and UV irradiation of blood.

During treatment patients require completely eliminate any contact with water, and healthy skin areas thoroughly cleaned with a cotton swab soaked in a decoction of chamomile flowers or other antiseptic drugs.In addition, patients are recommended to stop wearing too warm clothes, clothes made of synthetic, non-natural fabrics and strictly observe a special hypoallergenic diet.Streptoderma Sick children are not allowed in children's groups.In addition, the isolated 10 days and close them in contact with the face.

pustules and blisters in the lesions streptoderma accurately reveal a sterile needle at the base twice a day is treated brilliant green, methylene blue or other aniline dyes.After treatment, the lesions are superimposed on the dry aseptic bandage with disinfectant solutions and ointments.Formed in streptoderma crust gently smeared salicylic Vaseline: it allows you to safely remove them within 20-25 hours.

Development streptoderma often accompanied by the appearance on the face of the patient's non-healing Zayed, which should be regularly and thoroughly cleaned with a 2% silver nitrate.When long and smoldering streptoderma patients prescribed antibiotic therapy.

Prevention streptoderma

Among the measures aimed at reducing the risk of infection streptococcal include:

  • maintaining a healthy and full life;
  • timely antiseptic any damage to the skin (bites, cuts, scratches, abrasions);
  • timely treatment of chronic and acute diseases;
  • a balanced diet;
  • personal hygiene;
  • stimulation of the immune system.