be sick in any way unpleasant to anyone.However, much more frightening to parents whose child is sick.Enough common disease among children is a sore throat.
angina - a common name for a number of inflammatory processes affecting the oral mucosa and tonsils.
Expert opinion: The defeat of the mucous membranes of the mouth called stomatitis, but not angina.Angina is inflammation of the tonsils with the formation of plaque on them or plaque without depending on the shape of angina.Here and in the future.
Usually all sore throats are divided into three types:
1. Primary angina;
2. Secondary angina;
3. Specific angina.
Primary tonsillitis in children occur almost as often as SARS.Bursts of diseases associated with seasonality and peak in spring and autumn.Because children are quite susceptible to infections, and sore throat are capable of transmitting airborne - the disease is spreading quickly.To promote the emergence of a sore throat the baby can:
- General hypothermia (an extended stay at a low temperature);
- Local hypothermia (eg, the use of very cold water or ice cream);
- large amount of dust in the room;
- polluted atmosphere;
- Insufficient humidity;
- lack of vitamins (eg, vitamin deficiency spring);
- nose Shortness of breath;
- not enough to strengthen the immune system.
Angina in varying degrees affects the tissues of the mouth and tonsils.
Depending on this in children as in adults, isolated catarrhal, lacunar, follicular tonsillitis and necrotic.The most easy for the child passes catarrhal angina, the most severe is necrotic.
As with any infectious disease, have a sore throat is a certain incubation period.Usually in children it is about 12 hours from the moment the child's contact with the patient until the first signs of the disease, but sometimes this period can last up to two days.Have angina often children starts immediately sharply: the temperature rises, fever begins, the child gets hurt to breathe.All the other symptoms depend on the type of angina that sick individual child
1. Catarrhal angina .The most mild form of angina, with proper treatment does not give side effects.The temperature rarely rises above 38 degrees, the body intoxication is quite weak.Moderately swollen tonsils.
2. lacunar tonsillitis .The temperature in this case is able to reach 40 degrees, the child complains of weakness, he prefers to lie.Tonsils swollen, they appear ulcers.
3. tonsillitis .The child may complain of a severe headache, body temperature rises to 39 degrees, greatly enlarged tonsils, and swollen, they can be seen white-yellow purulent plaque.
4. Necrotic angina .Its symptoms are more pronounced:
- clouding of consciousness.
Children undergoing angina, may occur early or late complications:
- earlier are complications that occur during his illness and due to the fact that the inflammation extends to the organs and tissues that are close (peritonzillit, blood poisoning,suppuration of the lymph nodes).
- late complications usually develop after 3-4 weeks (articular rheumatism, glomerulonephritis, rheumatic heart disease).
strep throat is diagnosed based on the clinical picture and pharyngoscope.Applied also bacteriological and serological testing.Treatment is usually performed on an outpatient basis, but burdened during hospitalization is necessary.Such patients are placed in the infectious department.
Treatment of tonsillitis in children
main treatment - is antibacterial therapy aimed at destroying pathogens and preventing the spread through the bloodstream to other organs and tissues.It is also extremely important mode despite the fact that the child does not really want to constantly stay in bed, stay in bed, however, is a prerequisite for successful treatment.Considering that the child difficult to swallow the food for him should be as smooth and soft: broths, pureed soups, mashed potatoes.
Expert Opinion: These recommendations are appropriate in the first few days of illness.When the body temperature increased, the baby feels the weakness, lethargy, he is concerned about the pain in my throat.After the relief of these symptoms, bed rest can be canceled gradually move to regular food.
is also extremely important to give the child plenty of fluids, even though he may refuse to accept it.In this case, you need to find what the child likes - sweet juices, fruit drinks, mineral water without gas.
Also take oral medication, it is very important to local treatment: gargling disinfectants, decoction of herbs, irrigation inflamed tonsils antiseptic.In severe pain in the lymph nodes it is recommended that heat to the neck.
Expert Opinion: Reanimatologists advised in simple cases of angina not use sprays, since the possibility of allergic reactions from their utilization is high, with allergic reactions are often in the form of anaphylactic shock, which can lead to the child's death.Therefore, to relieve tension and rawness in the throat irrigation is carried out by conventional grate solutions.
opinion is well known that the disease is easier to prevent than to cure.However, in the case of specific prophylaxis of angina does not exist.The only thing you can do - is to strengthen the defenses the child's body (for example, using the procedures of hardening), boost immunity (to use immune-boosting drugs, as well as special vitamin complexes), eliminate triggers (dust, smoke, excessive dryness of the air, as well as worrythe fact that the child was free, unhindered breathing through the nose. in the case of the disease with angina someone from the inner circle, especially living in the same room with the child, it is desirable to completely isolate the sick, having all disinfection measures (boiling utensils, a separate set of clothes,wet cleaning and airing of the patient) rooms and remembering that angina is transmitted by airborne droplets
expert opinion:. it is important to remember that the hardening is to start in a period of complete child health
in case of timely and correct treatment of angina forecasts quite favorable.. When catarrhal angina risk of complications in general is virtually zero, the main thing to adhere to the doctor's recommendations.In cases with lacunar and follicular tonsillitis complications, too, should not be, but in most cases the children subsequently suffer chronic tonsillitis.At the same time we should not forget that even the mild course of the disease can provoke serious complications in improper treatment.
Expert Opinion: Angina is often caused by streptococcus, which can trigger the development of glomerulonephritis (heavy kidney disease), acute rheumatic fever followed by valvular heart disease.Thus, with bacterial tonsillitis appointed antimicrobials and Semi-Annual prevention of complications bicillin bitsillinom 3 or 5.