newborn child in the family - it is always a joy, but the joy is marred by many violations of the physiological development of the child.And in these moments there is no time to panic and confusion - parents should be able to navigate in the child's condition, to decipher all the deviations in its behavior, especially as a pipsqueak can not yet own to explain what was wrong with him and talk about their ailments.
Intracranial pressure of the baby - it is quite frequent, so should it in more detail.
Expert Opinion: Intracranial phenomenon is not the phenomenon and the physiological condition of the body.Quite another matter is the increased intracranial pressure, which is often part of a pathological process.
Hypertension - so once called this phenomenon - a disorder of brain function that occurs due to the fact that increases the pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid, ie the fluid that fills the cavities or ventricles of the brain.
Expert Opinion: Intracranial hypertension - this is not a v
liquor produced in the ventricles and then directs her body to the spinal cord through the ventricular system, which communicate with each other.And if the liquor drainage system fails, it disrupted the outflow, the cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles increases concentration, and it accumulates in the brain, respectively intensifies its pressure.This violation is called hypertension.
Expert opinion: First, the liquor masculine.Secondly, feminine cerebrospinal fluid.Thirdly, it is impossible for the cerebrospinal fluid in the feminine gender, and cerebrospinal fluid in the male gender.
- 1 Causes of intracranial pressure in newborns
- 2 symptoms of intracranial pressure in newborns
- 3 Treatment of intracranial pressure in newborns
Causes of intracranial pressure in newborns
is important to understand the outflow of cerebrospinal fluid is disturbed for any reason.The most common cause is a different kind of infection, produced during fetal development, including hypoxia, ie lack of oxygen supply to the fetus, which, by the way, very often provokes not only failures in the outflow of cerebrospinal fluid, but also enhanced its production.Fetal Hypoxia can be caused by severe toxicosis mother during pregnancy, placental abruption and a difficult birth.Also, the cause may be a generic spinal injury, his cervical spine (the same phenomenon is quite frequent) and congenital anomalies of the structure and development of the brain.
symptoms of intracranial pressure in newborns
about increased intracranial pressure suggest changes in the child's behavior.The child does not sleep, restless behavior, and appetite, on the other hand, increased, however, during feeding, he quickened regurgitation, and vomiting occur at other times.In addition, you can watch his trembling chin, and when crying or in repose there and shake the limbs.Pay attention to the phenomenon, which is called nystagmus - a child commits involuntary movements of the eyes horizontally.All child reflections appear brighter than usual, muscle tone during flexion and extension is increased, and then during crying child or during starting throw back head rest, and it handles or legs due to the fact that the resistance increases heavily bent.
What should be the parents' behavior, if the following symptoms are observed in the child.The answer is clear - you need to consult a doctor.Specialist pediatrician after survey assigns an appropriate examination by a neurologist, who on the basis of the clinical picture, the results of a brain ultrasound, and computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), echoencephalography diagnose, which sounds like "a symptom of intracranial hypertension"identify and ventricular enlargement.These methods of investigation are applied comprehensively rarely, in very complex cases, because if the US is absolutely safe for the child, to the same is carried out through the fontanelle and can detect the degree of filling of the blood vessels of the brain, that of imaging, if there is no such need, and we are not talking about a seriouspathology, is to abstain.The most accurate diagnosis is confirmed by a fence liquor lumbar puncture.After this procedure, the child feels better, and it confirms the diagnosis.
is important to understand that the intracranial pressure as an independent disease - a rather rare phenomenon, since hypertension in children is rather a symptom of another more serious illness.That is why it is important to pass a comprehensive examination in the presence of these symptoms.What may indicate hypertension?It diseases such as hydrocephalus, when formed as a large amount of liquor that the pressure begins to destroy the brain tissue, and therefore requires urgent and serious treatment, encephalitis, meningitis, which can be cured with antibiotics, as well as tumors that are surgically removed.Some diseases with symptoms of increased intracranial pressure are inherited.
symptoms often characteristic of hypertension, indicating other diseases, more simple - so constant regurgitation may mean the usual gripes and chin and limb tremor may only indicate a child overexcited or discomfort due to the low temperature in the room.However, it is a symptom that points to hypertension in the newborn clear - the baby's head is growing rapidly, while there is muscle hypertonicity.About Hypertension say and bulging eyeballs, and strabismus.Note the fontanelle - it may bulge, cranial sutures divergence can be observed on the head.If the regurgitation more like vomiting, you should contact a doctor immediately.
Expert Opinion: Do not expect the appearance of vomiting to consult your doctor, if you have all of these symptoms.
Treatment of intracranial pressure in newborns
first rule - never self-medicate.Treatment should only assign a neonatologist or a neurologist.Often hypertension in a child is even in the nursing home, and then assigned the appropriate treatment.The treatment program includes drugs that uluchayut circulation of the brain, as well as sedatives, sedatives and diuretics.Often, to solve the problem of intracranial pressure of a newborn baby can be solved with the help of special massages and exercises, which will recommend a neurologist.