Scientifically called strabismus strabismus.The disease involves a violation of the agreed work of the eye muscles, causing the eyes look in different directions.Strabismus usually starts to develop in a child 2-5 years of age, when the eye is broken joint activities.This violation leads to the development of strabismus, if was not carried out at the time of diagnosis and were not taken the necessary corrective actions.
cause of childhood strabismus may be a few.Rarely it happens congenital (the main cause in this case is the abnormal development of the eye muscles).For the child strabismus can cause severe pregnancy the mother or complicated births.If a child is born without defects, strabismus can be developed already at an older age, when the child begins to walk and talk.The reason for this can serve as a brain disease, mental developmental disorders, head trauma, infectious diseases: influenza, measles, diphtheria, scarlet fever and others.
Medical practice knows many cases when the ch
Strabismus is very easy to explain.A person with the correct operation of the eye of the eye muscles are working synchronously, their axes are reduced to a single point - any object, person, etc.In the presence of the visual axis of the eye strabismus are unable converging at one point.In this case, it refers to the violation of binocular vision.Improper operation of even one eye muscles leads to disruption of the perception of objects and to the wrong location of the pupils.
there is a concept in medicine so-called "lazy eye."It implies the suppression of the ability to see the squinting eye.In a healthy person, both eyes see the same, and the brain receives a folded picture visible object.In children suffering from strabismus brain is not able to reunite the two images into a single object, as the eye sees differently.
As a result, the brain begins to take only one good eye image obtained.If this process does not stop in time to cure blindness squinting eye even after the elimination of strabismus is almost impossible.
In newborn infants, strabismus can be detected by the second week of life.To do this, you must carefully follow the child's reaction to the moveable object before his eyes.Children who develop strabismus at an early age, as a rule, never complain about it because they do not understand that in the eyes of the double image - this is not the norm.
whole concern for the baby's health rests on the shoulders of the parents, they should closely monitor its development and in the case of symptoms of strabismus detecting alarm.Fortunately, notice strabismus is quite simple.One or both eyes of a child in this case are deflected to the side, as it were "floating", most specifically to the nose.If any of the parents or relatives noticed the child, even a slight squint, it should immediately see a doctor, optometrist.
Strabismus is dangerous because it can lead to severe loss of vision.And it looks the part is not aesthetically pleasing.Maturing child suffering from strabismus may experience psychological discomfort in communicating with peers.
There are about 20 types of strabismus, an accurate diagnosis is able to supply only specialist.Treatment of strabismus should be comprehensive.Primarily the doctor must conduct a comprehensive diagnosis of the child and identify the causes.If strabismus is associated with other diseases - farsightedness, nearsightedness, the patient is discharged little glasses.In some cases, eyeglasses can completely get rid of the disease.
As practice shows, one wearing glasses is not enough.To eliminate the disease should be assigned conservative treatment with current hardware techniques.They allow you to restore the "bridges" between the eyes, that is, teach the child to see the same image with both eyes.
Where indicated, at a certain stage of the treatment of children strabismus surgery is used.This operation is performed on the eye muscles involved in the process of rotation of the eyeballs, and aims to restore muscular balance between them.After the operation requires mandatory conservative treatment aimed at rehabilitation of eye functions.
This child is taught to look for a new patient eye, form his proper stereoscopic vision.To this end, in an outpatient setting offers courses training on special devices.Recovery after surgery can take a long time.Such courses should be held at least 3 times a year.
In congenital form of strabismus surgery is recommended to carry out no later than the child reaches 3 years of age.Such an operation for an experienced specialist is not difficult, but current methods allow it without the use of cutting devices (scalpel, laser, scissors), ocular tissue apart with a special stream of radio waves.To carry out the operation using anesthesia, allowing to achieve full relaxation of the eye muscles.The operation lasts 20 to 90 minutes.
child may be discharged home within two days after the conference.Often the method of occlusion used in the postoperative period, which is the closing of a special bandage healthy eyes.The child thus learns to see patients undergoing surgery, eye.Formation of the human visual apparatus ends in 18-20 years, so it is possible to treat strabismus before this age.In the complex treatment of diseases of complete freedom from strabismus occurs in 97% of cases.