When sick children, parents want to help cope with the disease as quickly as possible.But there are some diseases that even long after recovery, continue causing trouble in the form of residual symptoms - runny nose, cough, and the like.This is an acute and obstructive bronchitis in children.
acute obstructive bronchitis in children - it is a serious illness that is accompanied by expiratory dyspnea, called bronchial obstruction syndrome.Such bronchitis - a phenomenon quite common, about a quarter of all proceeds is bronchitis with obstruction syndrome.Often when talking about obstructive bronchitis, bronchiolitis mean, and the difference between them is only in some clinical differences.
Most often acute obstructive bronchitis are children up to three years: they have a viral bronchitis accompanied by diseases caused by cytomegalovirus, influenza virus type C, as well as RS-virus and adenovirus, accompanies typhoid fever, diphtheria, whooping cough.Older children suffer obstructive bronchi
However, causes of acute bronchitis may not always be the only viruses sometimes such symptoms of bronchitis occur due to exposure to toxic chemicals or the respiratory tract, and also due to some physical factors.
Symptoms of acute obstructive bronchitis in children.
Bronchitis begins with the rise in temperature, and it is impossible to say to what indicators should raise the temperature and the number of days it has to stay - it all depends on the viral pathogen, provoked bronchitis.For example, bronchitis accompanying adenoviral infection, can keep the temperature up to ten days.
main symptom of bronchitis, of course, is a cough: cough is usually dry at first, compulsive, but after it becomes sticky, wet and clears his throat.
mechanism of acute obstructive bronchitis is as follows: in the lumen of accumulated phlegm, mucous walls, basement membrane, there is airway compression, reducing bronchial muscles.
Expert opinion: The mechanism is not clear development.With the development of obstruction is an increase in sputum discharge, narrowed bronchial tubes, mucous membrane swells.why the patient becomes difficult to breathe, there are dry and wet wheezing, shortness of breath.
obstruction occurs most commonly in children due to the fact that the mucous membrane swells and therefore narrow the airway.Bronchospasm occurs much less frequently.
obstructive bronchitis usually begins as an acute respiratory viral diseases - SARS - and the symptoms are similar.It differs only in that the symptoms of bronchitis are increasing with time - the third or fourth day of the disease can be observed difficulty in breathing, increase its frequency, breath hissing and becomes noisy.In this bronchitis frequency breaths can have up to fifty times per minute.
Visually can determine the inflated chest, as well as the fact that respiration auxiliary muscles involved.wings of the nose unusual swell, breathing involved subclavian and supraclavicular areas.Quite often a symptom - a characteristic pale skin.Cough infrequent, but unproductive, little coughs.While breathing in a child are heard whistling and humming wheezing, which later will become wetter.
usually necessary for the diagnosis of X-rays: the picture visible swelling of the lungs.In children, adolescents such bronchitis often takes place in conjunction with a sore throat or neck lymphadenitis.The diagnosis is often complicated by similar symptoms of obstructive bronchitis and bronchiolitis, moreover, is often confused obstructive bronchitis and bronchial asthma, especially in the first stage of the survey, since a quarter of cases of bronchial asthma "disguised" under the symptoms of obstructive bronchitis.
distinguish these two diseases by the presence (in obstructive bronchitis) or absence (in asthma) relations with SARS.In acute bronchitis may indicate and laboratory parameters: increased ESR, neutrophilia, if bronchitis is accompanied by bacterial infection, leukocyte formula to the left.
Treatment and prevention of acute obstructive bronchitis
Treatment of acute obstructive bronchitis is based on the same principles as a simple treatment of bronchitis.Until normal temperature, the child is prescribed bed rest.It proposed a diet based on plant foods and dairy, as well as drinking plenty of fluids such as herbal teas and mineral water.Antitussives combined with expectorants.
Expert Opinion: Combine such funds can not be - it's a fact.When compulsive dry coughing used antitussives.When moist cough, these drugs are contraindicated and begin to use expectorants.
but can be used and additional methods - oxygen therapy if respiratory failure pronounced.In addition, procedures are appointed distracting nature - foot bath, the water which is gradually increased to forty-one degrees, as well as bath and hand massage with medical cans.With obstruction fight proposed bronchodilators - nebulized berotekom, terbutaline or Ventolin.
obstructive bronchitis - something unpleasant by the fact that even in the complete cure of the disease can recur even when the next SARS disease.Usually this is repeated bronchitis in six months.They suffer from a form of bronchitis children under the age of four, and after four years of obstruction will not be returned.
Prediction of acute obstructive bronchitis may not be as favorable, if a child is prone to allergies.During bouts of allergies obstruction may recur, develop spontaneously, may be relapses.Approximately every fourth child with acute chronic obstructive bronchitis, bronchial asthma subsequently developed.
As a precaution obstructive bronchitis is necessary to protect a child from exposure to allergens.In general, acute obstructive bronchitis can be diagnosed at the beginning of the disease, which means that therapeutic measures are developed and implemented at an early stage, thereby minimizing the risk of bronchitis develop into a chronic form.