vegetative-vascular dystonia (VVD) is a disease in which there is an imbalance in the autonomic nervous system, with the result that there are complaints on the part of almost all organs and systems.
symptoms that appear in the vegetative-vascular dystonia is quite intense, but it is believed that they are not dangerous for life and pass without consequences.Sometimes, however, they are alarming bell, and harbinger of more serious diseases of the heart, blood vessels, lungs, and sometimes they are so pronounced that reduce the level of total disability.In such cases, medication VSD.
to symptoms VSD no longer bothered, need to see a competent expert - the therapist.Your doctor will carefully consider the complaints, history of disease, conduct the necessary diagnostic tests and prescribe the necessary medication for the treatment of VSD.In addition, there are additional methods that are not associated with the appointment of drugs - therapy, compliance with a healthy lifestyle and health, physiotherapy
drugs that are usually prescribed in the vegetative-vascular dystonia can be divided into several groups.
First of all, for the treatment of VSD prescribers for the correction of the autonomic nervous system medication to eliminate symptoms of the organs and systems.
- drugs valerian and hawthorn (new Pass Gerbion, Persia, kardiplant)
- drugs containing bromides (bromkamfora, sodium bromide)
- drugs with peony extract, rosemary, astragalus, Baikal skullcap, validol
- drugs containing barbiturates (valokordin, Corvalol).
Medications for serdnechno vascular
- antihypertensive system (sympatholytic, .beta.-blockers)
- antiarrhythmics (Pananginum, asparkam)
- tools to improve cerebral blood flow (vinpocetine).
Drugs affecting the central nervous system
- neuroleptics (Meller, sonopaks)
- tranquilizers (seduksen, Grandaxinum)
- antidepressants (azafen, amitriptyline)
- hypnotics (doxylamine, sonnat)
- nootropics (piracetam)
- stimulants (caffeine).
- adaptogens (Eleutherococcus extracts, lemongrass, ginseng)
- diuretics (Lasix, diakarb, cranberries drugs bearberry, nettle, parsley, juniper)
- vitamins (group B, A, E) and antioxidants (succinic acid, mexidol)
- calcium (calcium gluconate, calcium glycerophosphate)
- garlic preparations (allisad).
To improve memory processes, reduce the excitability of the nervous system, it is advisable to take glycine.This amino acid improves the metabolism in the brain, resulting in markedly reduced asthenoneurotic component dystonia.Furthermore, the use is justified with nootropics the sedative effect.
also for the treatment of this disease apply vitamins (especially group B), as well as vitamins A and E, which have an antioxidant effect.As obschestimuliruyuschih for the treatment of manifestations of vegetative-vascular dystonia can use drugs kelp, spirulina, trifoli, fennel, dandelion, thyme, centaury, nettle, succinic acid.
If IRR tachyarrhythmia occurs, it is shown the intake of potassium preparations Barboval, Corvalol, Korvaldin.Homeopaths may prescribe for treating cardio-Grand, Pumpan, kralonin, neurohel and so on. These drugs have sedative, antispasmodic and vasodilating effects.With increase in blood pressure and tachycardia can be used reserpine, and β-blockers.
If symptoms prevail among VVD headache, dizziness, weakness and other neurological disorders, is shown receiving vasodilators (eg, myotropic antispasmodics).When dystonia is often revealed intracranial hypertension syndrome.To improve the situation will help diuretics (diuretics) combined with potassium preparations.In addition, it is possible for a long time to accept diuretic grasses.
positive influence on the autonomic nervous system in dystonia have tranquilizers, antipsychotics and antidepressants that suppress the feelings of anxiety and fear.Also useful are nootropics which improve blood circulation and metabolism of nerve tissue.If the VSD reduces the memory and intelligence, then you need to make money, improve microcirculation of brain vascular bed: cinnarizine, vinpocetine.
Antipsychotics have Wegetotropona properties have antipsychotic, antifobicheskuyu activity, reduce the patient's response to external stimuli.Usually, for the treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia in flexible types of antipsychotics.
dystonia often accompany neurosis. Tranquilizers can help reduce anxiety, fear, tension, normalizes sleep, some of them have anticonvulsant effect.In addition, they have Wegetotropona property, have a positive effect on functional ekstrasistoliyah and false angina, blood pressure lability.When sleep disorders using sleeping pills, but they should take a short time, as hypnotics can not provide physiological rest.
If vegetative-vascular dystonia, neurosis and depression are present, a good effect can be obtained by treatment with antidepressants .These drugs relieve asthenia, depression, improve mood.Most antidepressants weaken the work of the parasympathetic nervous system.If worried about increased irritability, irascibility, insomnia, the antidepressants are combined with antipsychotics and tranquilizers.
stimulants of the central nervous system are used for vegetative-vascular dystonia of vagotonic type.It is also widely used as adaptogens that work at the cellular level, improving metabolism.
antioxidants (for example, mexidol) successfully applied for the successful treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia.Mexidol helps to improve memory, attention, mental performance, increases the immune defense mechanisms of the organism, resistance to pain, and to a variety of damaging agents.A significant advantage - a relatively small toxicity.
If IRR is accompanied by an increase or decrease in blood pressure, you should not immediately resort to receive synthetic anti-hypertensive or hypertensive agents.In this case, a more rational use of herbal drugs, sometimes in combination with adaptogens (ginseng, devil, Leuzea, Aralia, hawthorn, magnolia Chinese, Siberian ginseng).The latter contain components possessing anti-stress effect at the cellular level.
Eleutherococcus shown hypochondriacs with excessive suspiciousness.Rhodiola rosea increases the body's resistance to change in weather conditions, diseases and stress, normalizes the activity of the central nervous system fatigue, neurosis, vegetative dystonia hypotonic form.Leuzea good with fatigue, irritability, insomnia, headaches, poor appetite and mood.Practically such preparations have the same properties lemongrass, thus they do not deplete the nerve cells.
variety IRR symptoms, as has been said, do not pose a great danger, although there are sometimes pronounced and deliver clear patient discomfort.However, it should take into account the important role in the formation of dystonia serious pathological processes and to ignore the factors that provoke the development of disease symptoms and their further progression.
Therefore, if you have symptoms that may be indicative of vegetative-vascular dystonia, you should see a doctor, because the effectiveness of the treatment depends on early treatment of medical care. And do not forget about preventive and restorative measures, to help in the early stage of the disease will continue to serve as an excellent prevention of more serious diseases.It is also important to the success of therapy, the patient's mood and desire to recover.