Disturbances in venous line the circulatory system can deliver a person a lot of problems.Surviving for atherosclerotic lesions of arterial vessels, people forget that the veins are no less heavy load.
As the blood flows through the veins?
varicose veins (the people "varices") - a disease associated with the loss of ability to move the veins blood flow against gravity from the bottom-up, to prevent the return.For this function the walls of veins have not less strong than arteries muscular layer on the inner surface have valves that prevent blood from flowing backward.Muscle tone is normal does not allow the vein to expand, and to deposit the liquid.
For the organization of the venous outflow of some little veins.Chambers of the heart, diaphragm, abdominal wall provide "a suction" effect, creating a negative pressure areas.Therefore, the venous blood is sent from the end-points of the body to the heart, carries waste products for recycling in the liver and kidneys.
varices occurs in all mechanisms pl
Causes of varicose veins
most often affects women, because:
- pressure on leg veins during pregnancy and childbirth is greatly increased;
- oral contraceptives (birth control) changes the tone of the venous wall;
- important in rapid damage valve has inherited deficiency of hyaluronic acid, which is formed by using thick wall;
- stagnation of blood in the legs contributes to wearing tight belts, corsets, drawing inside laundry;
- habit to sit "foot to foot";
- long standing work or work related to the severity of the ascent;
- smoking and alcohol "finish off" the vessels;
- excess body weight increases the load on the veins.
Symptoms of varicose veins
vasculature below the knee - an early sign of varicose veins As
feet - the most distant part of the body is constantly performing physical activity, varicose blood vessels occurs most often here.However, the defeat of the veins can occur and in the internal organs.For example, a serious problem varices esophageal varices in liver diseases.
In the initial stage of the disease patients, mostly young women, complain of cosmetic defects in the form of blue vascular "spiders" or "Veins" on the thighs, legs, behind the knees.Subsequently protrusions vessels appear as bands.Typically they increase after the walk, a long vertical position and disappearance in the supine position.There are pain and fatigue in the legs, swelling in the evening (patients note that by the end of the working day becoming closer shoes), muscle cramps.Finally varices cure is no longer possible, it is necessary to prevent deterioration and severe complications.
can distinguish conservative (non-surgical) methods, sclerotherapy and surgery.
Conservative treatment methods
How to treat varicose veins in the early stage, the doctor will tell.Surgeons prescribe medications and ointments, have the property to strengthen the tone of veins (venotoniki).Do not get involved in advertising and believe in the disappearance of the "stars".Venous pattern on the skin will remain, but you can reduce the feeling of fatigue in the legs, reduce swelling, prevent further progression of the disease.Ointments containing heparin or troksevazin, it is recommended to use at night in the form of compresses.It increases the therapeutic effect.Recommend once a week to drink light diuretics.
Varicose veins laser
application of compression therapy reduced to bandaging the affected leg elastic bandage, wear special stockings or golf.Wear them the next morning in the supine position, with dry hands.Bandage is applied from the fingers up.It is necessary to choose socks to its size.The orthopedic shops selling socks and stockings of various classes of compression (from first to fourth).Specifically, the part number will tell the doctor.Too much compression will lead to the terminal arterial vessels and more blood flow to worsen.
Sometimes patients complain of shortness of breath after donning compression stockings and refuse to use them.This arises from the outflow of blood from the lower limbs to the upper body and heart.It is necessary to gradually get used to the auxiliary compression of veins, to train the heart.
This type of treatment is based on the penetration of the laser beams into the venous site.There is good effect when used in the early stages when the vein expanded diameter of up to three to five mm.The result is increased tone, dissolve blood clots, the blood flow is improved.Treatment performed by a specially trained doctor in the physiotherapy department.Over the course is 10-12 procedures.It is recommended to repeat the laser treatment every six months.
Application folk recipes
Treatment folk remedies should be made with caution, use proven methods.All the recommended tools are aimed at strengthening the tone of the venous wall and leg muscles, absorption of blood clots and prevent elevated blood clotting in extended venous sites, anti-inflammatory thrombophlebitis.
Treatment using bandages with leaves mother and stepmother
shin placed on a gauze cloth, and it leaves a mother-and-stepmother alternately different parties, dressing pribintovyvayut.It can hold all day.If you can not wear a bandage during the day, only at night and in the morning put into the refrigerator.The next time you change or move the party leaves the bandage so that the on-site "mother" was "stepmother."the recommended course of treatment - two months.
additionally offers to drink a decoction of leaves mother and stepmother: 3-4 leaves, pour a glass of boiling water and boil for ten minutes, cool and drain.The resulting broth drink during the day in four divided doses.
The same effect is green cabbage leaves to bandage a sprained ankle.
Tincture of birch buds and flowers of acacia helps with lubrication and gently rubbed into the painful places on the veins.To prepare: fill 1/3 bottle of medicinal raw materials, pour 0.5 liters of vodka, insist twenty days, occasionally shaking.
Traditional medicine offers used in the treatment packs of slices of fresh tomato and grated potatoes.Gruel or segments applied to the damaged vessels, closed with wax paper or cellophane, pribintovyvayut to the shin, served warm cloth.The compress should be kept for three to five hours.
varices and treated by a bandage with pulverized leaves of wormwood and a spoon of sour cream.They stand for a couple of hours, to use during the week.
To lubricate painful varicose veins several times a day, have a prescription ointment: one teaspoon of potato starch to add twice as many flowers chamomile flowers and sage leaves in powder form and 50 g of mashed chestnuts.To the mixture was added 200 g of hot chicken fat, stir well and incubate two hours on a water bath.Insist 8:00, then strain.
for foot baths in enameled bucket, a solution of oak branches, chestnut and willow.Boil for 30 minutes, then add the full package (200 g), chamomile, St. John's wort and succession.Stir and leave to infuse overnight.Separately, brewed with boiling water three loaves of rye bread.Before applying the mixed solution, warmed slightly.In a bucket, lower the foot with damaged veins for half an hour before bedtime.The course of treatment - twenty days.
Sclerotherapy Sclerotherapy is used
- in the absence of complications such as thrombophlebitis and trophic ulcers;
- if the veins of small size.
Sclerotherapy - a popular method of treatment of varicose veins today, because it does not hurt, quickly and does not remain scars
essence of the method: the expanded vein or node under local anesthesia is injected sclerosing agent which causes the destruction of the inner vein sheath and its fullclosing.Blood supply will be carried out at the expense of other less damaged veins.The whole procedure lasts 20-30 minutes.Then on foot bandage or wear a compression stocking for five days.
Existing techniques provide a bandage all the damaged vein and its removal.On the skin scars remain.miniflebektomii technique used by vascular surgeons most often.This Vienna after tying a special hook pulled.Scars on the skin small.The surgeons do surgery on an outpatient basis (without hospitalization), does not require a long recovery period.
All of these therapies are applicable in a particular stage of disease, are often used in the complex under control of the attending physician.