Constipation is the lack or difficulty in bowel movement two or three days.It can be chronic and situational as occurs in certain circumstances: the change of change of eating habits and composition of drinking water, pregnancy, stress, eating foods that cause a delay chair.
Even being chronic constipation is not considered a separate disease.This pathology - always only a symptom of various diseases and conditions of the organism.Home treatment of constipation is possible only after the elimination of the causes of its occurrence.
- 1 Causes and pathology symptoms
- 2 Drinking regime for constipation
- 3 How to eat when the problem occurred
- 4 movement and massage
- 5 Medicines
- 6 Traditional recipes
causes and symptoms of disease
of chronic and occasional constipation by a variety of reasons:
- Abuse of laxatives.
- permanent restraining the urge to defecate (bed rest, lack of conditions due to work schedule).
- deficiency of fiber in the diet due to the lack in the diet of fruits and vegetables.
- Unbalanced drinking regime.
- Violation of intestinal motility.
- Chronic gastrointestinal disease (intestinal obstruction, diverticulosis of the colon, adhesions and tumor processes, worm infestation).
- Fear of pain in diseases of the rectum (hemorrhoids, inflammation, anal fissure).
- Chronic stress loads on the nervous system.
- Side effects of medicines (antibiotics).
not every delay in the chair can be considered constipation.
Rare chair can be an individual rhythm of bowel movement, if it does not cause discomfort and happens regularly.Constipation is characterized not only by the absence of defecation.In addition to the delay of the chair may be additional symptoms:
- considerable effort is needed to empty the bowel.
- stool structure is very dense, it is dry.The shape may resemble beads, thick string.
- appear in intestinal pain.
- Flatulence due to stagnation of feces and develop as a result of microbial activity.
- Decreased appetite and efficiency.
This state can not be ignored, it is necessary to consult a doctor for diagnosis and treatment of opportunistic diseases.The consequences of constipation may be a variety of inflammatory bowel disease: colitis, diverticular disease, megacolon (colonic distension), bowel obstruction.
stagnation of feces can cause the formation of carcinogenic substances, the beginning of cancer.Suffering from constipation and rectum, from the constant straining formed hemorrhoids, anal fissures, abscess develops as a result of chronic irritation of mucous stool stagnation.
Drinking regime for constipation
chronic constipation treatment should be left to professionals, however, some measures to alleviate the condition, you can take at home.If the cause of constipation was the violation of drinking regime and a lack of fiber in the diet, you can handle this problem on its own.
It is advisable to drink at least 2.5-3 liters of fluid a day.This includes the water contained in soups, compotes, jelly, tea.Particular care is necessary to control the rate of fluid intake in hot weather and during the winter.
During the heating season, dry air in the premises so can also lead to a shortage of liquid in the body.Even in the absence of such diseases as constipation, you need to take it a rule to drink every morning a glass of cool water with dissolved in it a spoonful of honey and a teaspoon of lemon juice.This action activates the bowels.
Additionally drinking water for constipation better after 1.5-2 hours after a meal and a half hour before it.Instead of plain water, you can drink mineral, not only medical and table water.Increasing the water regime may have contraindications: the propensity to edema, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, heart failure.
How to eat when the problem occurred
Start adjusting the power you need with the ban on salt, fat, fried food.There are products, the use of which contributes to the stagnation of feces.They need to limit or completely eliminate from the diet.
- Strong fatty broth, jelly.
- Fatty meats, fish and meats.
- Beverages: strong tea, organic coffee, alcohol, cocoa, fruit and berry jelly.
- Spices: horseradish, pepper, mayonnaise, fatty sauces, mustard.
- mushrooms, onions, garlic.
- Fruits and berries: dogwood, quince, pomegranate.
- Cereals: rice, semolina.
- margarine, animal fats refractory.
- cheese and dairy products with high content of fat.
- fancy pastries, bread from wheat flour.
Promotes constipation refined foods that contain a lot of carbohydrates and fats.For a diet that promotes regular bowel movement, will be a good complement such products:
- milk products (yogurt, fermented baked milk, varenets, yogurt, low-fat cheese and sour cream).
- Fresh vegetables and boiled (cabbage, zucchini, beets, spicy greens), salads and vinaigrettes of them.
- Fruits and fruit salad (melon, figs, apricots, apples, plums), fruit.
- Semi-liquid porridge cereals: barley, buckwheat, oats.
- Soups loosely on the meat or vegetable broth, fruit soups.
- bread made from rye flour and wholemeal flour with added bran biscuits.
- Meat: lean (rabbit, turkey, chicken), low-fat fish.
dishes dressed with olive or sunflower oil.Encouraged the use of fresh fruit or vegetable juice (carrot, plum, tomato, apricot).You can prepare a decoction of chamomile, nettle, dandelion, wild rose.
movement and massage
It is possible that constipation provoked a sedentary lifestyle, sedentary work.In this case, you should try if you do not visit the gym, or at least learn the complex of improving gymnastics.It needs to do at home at any time.
If the work involves constant sitting position, then every 45-50 minutes you need to stand up and even walk, or do 1-2 exercises that do not require a large range of motion.
every morning directly in bed is recommended to do a simple and effective exercise "bike" in the supine position, simulating cycling.Quite effective in preventing constipation self-massage techniques:
- circular motion with his right hand in a clockwise direction along the colon, lightly pressing down with his hand.
- both hands on the edges in the direction of the pubis, as if drawing of a triangle.
- Stroking from the solar plexus to the pubis, exclusively from the top down.
for self-massage contraindications: pregnancy, neoplastic processes of any etiology, chronic gastrointestinal diseases.
application of pharmaceutical products is possible only after consultation with a specialist.They shall, if help is not a change of diet, drinking plenty of fluids, exercise, as well as for medical reasons.Before use, be sure to take into account the contraindications to the use of laxatives and side effects of any drug.According to its effects on the intestinal wall laxatives can be divided into groups:
- Laxatives are irritating to the bowel.
- Laxatives, has a stimulating effect (fillers).
- Laxatives osmotic action.
- Fitoslabitelnye (based on natural raw materials).
For drugs, irritating the intestinal wall, are: Guttalaks, Dulkolaks, bisacodyl, Regulaks, Senade, castor oil, Laksigal, Tisasen.By stimulating the intestinal walls, his muscles and mucosa, they cause reduction of its walls, stimulation of motility.These drugs should not be used for a long time.
Laxatives - fillers act by increasing the amount of weight on its way through the intestines.Acts selectively, help is not all.For the most part - it preparations on a natural basis: flax seed, wheat bran, Ispagol (on psyllium husk), Strekuliya methylcellulose.
Prebiotics - laxatives that inhabit the gut of useful microflora.They are safe, require long-term use.Promotes soft emptying such funds: Duphalac, Prelaks, lactulose, Laktusan, Normase.
Laxatives osmotic action work by increasing the osmotic pressure in the intestine, which makes it easy to evacuate its contents.For the most part it various salts: Carlsbad salt, Epsom salt, Epsom salt, as well as Lavacolla, Tranzipeg, Forlaks, Osmogol.
By fitoslabitelnym are various means of natural pharmacy: zhostera fruit, buckthorn, apricot, rhubarb root, leaf senna Alexandria.On their basis complex preparations: RAMS Naturolaks, Mukofalk, Kafiol.
Recipes of traditional medicine have kept a large number of useful recommendations to get rid of constipation - their treatment at home.Use these recipes preferably after consulting a doctor, as they may have contraindications.Effective action can have the following recipes:
- brew as tea, blackthorn leaves, collected immediately after flowering.
- drink anise fruit infusion (1 teaspoon) in a cup of boiling water over a quarter cup just before eating.
- insist for 8 hours 2 tbspdandelion root in a glass of cold water.Take 1/4 cup before eating.
- Boil for 10 minutes, 1-2 tablespoonspsyllium seeds, drain until the broth is still warm.Drink 1 tbsp.l.once a day on an empty stomach.
- grass toadflax (10 g) to make a glass of boiling water, acts as a mild laxative.
- take 1 dess.l.one hour before meals mixture of 150 g of crushed aloe leaves and 300 grams of honey.
- drink pickle sauerkraut juice of black and white radish.
- drink the water in which cooked long plum or oats, several times a day.
- Eat every day for 1 hour. L.powder milled peas.Take
- powder from carrot seed (1 g) three times daily one hour before meals.
- Take a course freshly made potato juice - at half cup 2-3 times before meal.
- Insist buckthorn bark (1 tbsp. L.) On half a liter of vodka in 3 weeks.Take three times a day for 1 h. L.
constipation Home treatment requires clarification of the causes of this syndrome specialist.In cases of uncomplicated chronic diseases, enough to reconsider the diet, to establish the water regime, feasible to do physical exercise.If these measures do not help, it is possible for a doctor's recommendation to use laxatives and traditional medicines.
How to get rid of constipation folk remedy, can be gleaned from the video for yourself:
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