A sense of bitterness in the mouth, nausea in the mornings, are familiar to many people.Usually these symptoms are attributed to diseases of the stomach, but the discomfort may be a sign of disease entirely different organ - the gall bladder.
- 1 What body bile?
- 2 Location of the gall bladder in the body
- 3 Location gallbladder in children
- 4 anatomical structure
- 4.1 blood supply
- 4.2 innervation
- 5 functions
- 6 disorders of prostate
- 7 reasons violations
what body bile?
liver - the body that performs several different vital functions, one of them - the formation of bile - a very important biological fluids involved in the digestive process.After the formation of bile, the liver throws it on the canal in the gallbladder - a body externally similar to a pear.The gallbladder bile was collected and concentrated.
During the digestive process, the concentrated bile may be released from the g
fictitious primary bile is the splitting of fats entering the body to facilitate their subsequent activation digestibility and digestive enzymes involved in protein synthesis.The process stimulates bile flow intestines, stomach and regulates the production of pancreatic enzymes.Bile also performs the function of antimicrobial, preventing the ingress of microbes in the intestines.
Location of the gall bladder in the body
Gallbladder - size body with a quail egg, resembling a bag, up to 10 cm and a width of up to 3 cm It is located on the surface of the liver in a small depression below the costal arch by 3 cm and is adjacent.to the abdominal wall.Healthy gall bladder is located approximately at the intersection of straight abdominal muscles on the right costal arch.In some cases, when the liver is lower than that of the majority of people in contact with the gallbladder bowel loops.The following abnormal location of the gallbladder may occur:
In the latter case, the bubble can change its location depending on traffic and neighboring organs.For many people, the gall bladder by two-thirds closed peritoneum, and some completely, except for the duct connecting it to the liver, also remain open vessels and nerves duct.To the right of this body is the transverse colon bypass, which is located across the abdomen, and upper duodenal intestine, the left - the stomach.
Location gallbladder in children
A newborn babythe liver is located below the ribs by an average of 3 cm, and the five-year age of this distance is reduced to 2 cm. seven-year child location of these bodies in proportion to the structure of the adult.Until the age of ten the gallbladder is disguised by the liver.
Determine the location of the gall bladder in a child can be as follows: from the middle of the sternum and costal arch 2cm below and to the right.This arrangement of bodies is typical for most people, but not for everyone.
gallbladder is divided into three parts:
bottom stands out from the main part of the body and is easily visible on ultrasound.The body - the widest part located between the duct to the liver and the bottom.Cervix - the narrow, it connects the gallbladder to the hepatic duct.
flow rate required for the transport of bile, its length is up to 4 cm. The bubble can hold up in 50 ml of bile.If necessary, the bile is discharged through a small duct.This process controls the autonomic nervous system, the incentive is to signal the beginning of the digestive process.Pancreatic duct that connects to the liver is called the flow-pancreatic ampoules.The walls of the bladder consists of the following membranes:
- epithelium (internal)
- mucosa muscular layer
- serosa (outer)
The mucosa has many folds and contains mucous glands, it can rapidly absorb liquid, so received by the gall bladder is concentratedseveral times compared to just arrived from the liver.The folds of mucous arranged in a spiral, so that the movement of bile occurs in two directions.
Muscle fibers that connect the sphincter with flow-pancreatic ampulla, called the sphincter of Oddi.It regulates the flow of bile, its flow and allow bile to flow into the common bile duct.
arterial blood to the gallbladder portalartery extending from the liver.Drain venous blood from the neck and flow through the vein bile.A venous blood from entering the body and bottom is due to visceral portion liver sinusoids.The lymph moves through the lymphatic vessels in cystic nodes located near the liver, which in turn sent to the pelvic lymph nodes.
nerves regulate the function of the gall bladder, stimulates the contraction of the sphincter and cause pain in the event of abnormalities or inflammation.The innervation of the gallbladder:
- vagus nerve
- Diaphragm nerve bundle
- solar plexus
The main function of the gallbladder is to store bile until it does not need a body.
- bile accumulation
- Increasing the concentration of bile secretion of bile
- using muscle contractions
Increasing the concentration of bile is because the body needs to store a large amount of bile in a small volume.That is, in 50 ml of bile dissolved the same amount of active ingredients, as in 1 liter.
In the absence of digestion pancreatic sphincters are closed and do not allow the bile to flow.As soon as it enters the nerve impulse to the beginning of digestion, the sphincters relax and bile flows into the duodenum intestine.
Bile can have a light yellow or brown tint.Light color is liver bile, brown it gets as far as the concentration in the gallbladder.Adjust bile hormonal and nervous systems.It stimulates the contraction of the sphincter hormone secretin, as well as fatty substances.
Disorders of prostate
When malfunction bile ducts in the gallbladder bile can accumulate.It is highly concentrated and crystallized.Usually, bile congestion occurs around cholesterol.So, begin to form stones.Sometimes many small stones, which passes through the ducts into the intestines causing severe pain.
sometimes produced enough large rocks.This condition is called cholelithiasis.The disease occurs in several stages and is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Intense pain
- symptom of "acute abdomen»
- bitterness in the mouth
- urination Violation
- protein Yellow eyes
acute phase of the disease develops rapidly and occurs suddenly, often the beginning of an attack does not portend.But to determine the malfunction of the gallbladder can be the following signs: nausea and pressing sensation on the right side.This happens when the stone starts to move, the pain is so intense, the more stone.
other diseases of the gallbladder is cholecystitis, it is accompanied by inflammation.The acute phase of the disease occurs due to ingestion of infections.A chronic disease develops on the background of malnutrition.
food should regularly enters the digestive system.The bile accumulated in the bladder should be constantly released into the intestine.When violations of these processes develop the disease: the formation of stones and inflammation.In the absence of a permanent bile supply is ejected and does not leave the bubble.
food should be ingested at least three times a day, or bile concentration exceeds the norm.Fatty food stimulates bile active emissions from this there is a bitter taste in the mouth.Therefore it is necessary to stick to a balanced diet to strengthen the sphincter and timely withdrawal of bile.Malfunction of the gallbladder can cause liver failure.
It can develop on the background of alcohol and fatty foods and lead to a malfunction of the bladder.Excess bile, due to these violations penetrated into the gallbladder, can trigger its expansion.The reason for this process is sometimes excess or shortage of cholesterol in the body.Very rarely gallstone disease develops hereditary reasons or hypovitaminosis.
If you do not monitor the health of the gallbladder and do not treat it in time, develop the disease to other organs.For the normal functioning of all organs and systems of the human body must be timely and proper nutrition and active movement.And overeating and malnutrition will cause problems in the body.The secret to saving health of the liver and gall bladder is quite simple - moderation!
structure, function and gallbladder disease, its relationship with the liver - the theme of the video:
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