word aureus, most people horrified.Because we all know that it is linked to diseases such as boils, abscesses, meningitis, pneumonia, sepsis and so on.The list of diseases is not finished.But it should be understood that because of the diversity of staphylococci only 3 species are dangerous to humans, the rest - can coexist peacefully with humans.
- Epidermal and saprophytic staphylococcus
- What is Staphylococcus aureus?
- staphylococci and staphylococcal infection
Epidermal and saprophytic staphylococcus
Types of pathogenic staphylococci:
- Staphylococcus aureus (Latin aureus)
- Staphylococcus epidermidis
- saprophytic staphylococcus
Children rarely affects saprophytic staphylococcus, and thereforeit is called "peaceful".But he is an ardent lover of the fair sex.Saprophytic Staphylococcus aureus causes inflammation of the bladder (cystitis) and kidney.This is due to the fact that he lives in the genital region and on the mucous membrane of the urethra.
Staphylococcus epidermidis, named from the word "epidermis" (that is, the surface layer of the skin), lives as the skin and mucous membranes.
cause various diseases it is rare, as the body of each person (regardless of gender and age) copes with it.
Despite the fact that live Staphylococcus epidermidis on the skin, it does not cause ulcers on the skin.Most infections occur in people who have undergone surgery.This type of staphylococcal skin surface through wounds, urinary catheters and enters the body.As a result, blood contamination can occur, as well as endocarditis, wherein the inner shell inflamed heart.
Staphylococcus epidermidis widespread among surgeons involved in prosthetics: artificial joints, valves.If they are infected, it is precisely this staphylococcus.
What is Staphylococcus aureus?
The name of Staphylococcus aureus was due to the fact that, when viewed under a microscope colonies have golden-orange color.
It features resistance to external factors, as well as the fact that affects absolutely every organ in the human body.
Interesting facts about Staphylococcus aureus:
- on drying loses activity
- pure ethyl alcohol does not die
- in the sun live 12:00
- temperature of 150 degrees can withstand up to 10 minutes
- he was not afraid of hydrogen peroxide;Moreover, it produces catalase enzyme that breaks down hydrogen peroxide, resulting in a microbe feeds itself formed oxygen
addition, Staphylococcus aureus has a unique ability to survive in a solution of sodium chloride (ie salt).And it says that he lives quietly in the sweat glands, where the salty sweat staphylococcus absolutely terrible.
Hence, it can be concluded that all the skin diseases (barley, boils, ulcers) occur after infection with S. aureus.
But it so happens that the microbe has no Achilles heel - in this case, aniline dyes.In simple terms, the usual brilliant green.So take it into service in case of symptoms of skin diseases.
staphylococci and staphylococcal infection
Sometimes people do not feel the difference between the concepts of Staphylococcus aureus and staphylococcal infection.Moreover, it is quite significant.If the results found aureus assays, but no symptoms (pain, fever) are not observed, there is no sense to drink tablets.
However, in practice it is not so.Imagine that in the milk of nursing mothers have found Staphylococcus aureus.As a result, she stops breast-feeding and starts giving your child strong antibiotics.However, no one takes into account the fact that staph always lives on the skin, and so from there it can get into the milk, which will be studied under a microscope.
Therefore, if the child has no problems, and it normally feels no sense to stop breast-feeding.
Because breast milk is involved in the formation of the immunity the baby.Accordingly, it is not necessary the presence of staphylococcus in the analyzes taken as a staph infection.Believe me, if it is, then the person is hospitalized immediately, as his condition is, to say the least, critical.
procedure Thus, Staphylococcus aureus divisive, and it should be understood.In our time, from the health literacy of people depend on their health.So be attentive to it, and before you start to drink antibiotics, make sure that they are appropriate!And do not forget about the measures that contribute to lifting immunity - then you no aureus is not terrible.
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